Sustainable resource management in New Zealand and in the World; index page for papers. Includes sustainable forest management, conservation, Leopold's Land Ethic, national sustainability consciousness in the USA, lessons for all. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) with 850 non-governmental organisation ( NGO ) members are now strongly in favour of sustainable management of natural resources in sone circumstances. Read about mis-information for public consumption from environmental and political organisations, in New Zealand. Learn about the inclusion of humans in the sustainable management of our environmental resources.
Sustainable, conservation-oriented management
of natural biological resources in New Zealand
and the World.

From about September 1999, when the Labour parliamentary party adopted a new policy to ban all log production including from sustainable forest management from state indigenous forests, a debate has raged. This new policy breaks a legally binding agreement the Crown entered into in 1986.

I have involved in this debate for several months - so here is more contribution from me on this vital topic.

Link to site search engine search Search this whole site using any keywords.

This is only one site with papers of sustainability. Euan Mason has more at a site he has.
To see other papers, go to Euan's beech pages.

This is the Table of Contents of papers dealing with sustainability.

To go to other pages from this one, click on the italic ( should be red) words.
  1. Presentation to "Native Forest Action" Meeting.   Does Timberlands represent a Positive Vision? by Chris Perley 16th December 1999.

    A sustainable future for the earth's ecosystems. A discussion of differences in opinion including the position of the human species (is it included or not?), and in the respective paradigms of 'nature' to which people subscribe. Relates this to the proposals of Timberlands West Coast Ltd for the sustainable management of indigenous New Zealand beech (Nothofagus spp.) forests.
  2. The NZ Institute of Forestry Submission on Bio What?.Addressing the Effects of Private Land Management on Indigenous Biodiversity , by Chris Perley, 16 June 2000.

    With a message similar to the paper above, Chris, by this time elected Vice President of the New Zealand Institute of Forestry ( a body with long-time concerns about sustainable management of forests and about biodiversity) makes telling points about sustainable management and the need for integration of human needs, ecology / biodiversity needs, and the economy in land management strategies, rather than segregation into discrete entities each with a narrow range of objectives.
  3. Paper published in The NZ Institute of Forestry's Journal. Assessing Timberlands' Sustainable Beech Management using Concepts of Ecosystem Health and Ecosystem Management, by Chris Perley; 12 October 1999.

    Using the example of Timberlands West Coast's beech plans, he argues for moving towards ecosystem-based management paradigms that emphasise ecosystem health as the paramount objective while providing for people in communities. He promotes a positive vision about investment in natural resources.
  4. Area of Indigenous Forest listed by Regional Council Territorial Boundaries 1996-97. Data from MAF, 2000.
  5. Zoology 401: Lecture at Otago University. Principles of Wildlife Management: Environmental Ethics In Wildlife Management. by Chris Perley; 18 August 2000.

    Having defined ethics and placed them in the context of action towards the environment, Chris argues for moving towards ecosystem-based management paradigms that emphasise ecosystem health as the paramount objective, while providing for people in communities. He promotes a positive vision about investment in natural resources.
  6. IUCN Resolution (2.16) Agreed at World Conservation Union meeting Amman, Jordan October 2000. Final text of the policy statement on sustainable use of Wild Living Resources. courtesy Dr Grahame Webb, Director, Wildlife Management International Pty. Ltd, Darwin.

  7. Parliamentary Select Committee Inquiry New Zealand Parliamentary select committee Inquiry into sustainable forestry management initiated.

    Following the various actions by the New Zealand Labour Government in 1999 and 2000 to prematurely curtail an environment court hearing of the application by Timberlands West Coast Ltd to sustainably manage 98,000 hectares of the state indigenous beech forest, and others, the Primary Production Select Committee is to carry out a Parliamentary Inquiry into sustainable forest management.
    The closing date for submissions on the inquiry was 23 January 2001.

  8. New Zealand Ecological Society Motion (to he put to the AGM of the New Zealand Ecological Society. Hamilton, 21 November 2000) . proposed by Peter Wardle, seconders: David Norton, David Given

    The motion reads: "That the Ecological Society holds the view that in many areas of New Zealand biodiversity, conservation goals can be best achieved by accommodating the reasonable economic interests of local people, where these can be pursued at a level that is ecologically sustainable, both locally and globally."
    Five reasons of explanation are given.
  9. Aldo Leopold's Land Ethic: Is it Only Half a Loaf Unless a Consumption Ethic Accompanies It?. by Douglas MacCleery, Assistant Director of Forest Management for the U.S. Forest Service in Washington, D.C.

    Is the Shift to "Ecological Sustainability" on U.S. Public Lands Merely a Sophisticated "NIMBYism" Masquerading as a "Paradigm Shift" in American society?
    Delivered at the conference "Building on Leopold's Legacy,"
    sponsored by the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters in Madison, Wisconsin, on October 4-7, 1999.

  10. The "Mackenzie Decision" in British Columbia (Canada ) allocates five million acres ( 2,020,000 ha) to sustainably managed reserve. by Brian Swale.

    The so-called "Mackenzie Decision" in British Columbia (Canada ) makes exactly the kind of world leading sustainable management of forests and biota that the West Coast Accord of November 1986 did for New Zealand. The difference is, that in the year 2000 that Canada made this huge advance, New Zealand under Labour, rescinded our Accord.
  11. Temperate Rainforest Management in New Zealand A Challenge to Convention. by Kit Richards.

    The history of attempts to manage temperate rainforests in New Zealand has, as with all management of natural forests world-wide, been fraught with controversy. Various largely unsuccessful attempts over the last 50 years in New Zealand created a basis of mistrust and dissatisfaction in concepts to manage such forests for timber in a sustainable way. Widely hailed as an important model for the world to watch, the ultra-low impact and ecologically based approach to indigenous forest management by Timberlands West Coast Ltd was nevertheless abandoned in late 1999 by an incoming Government. That decision, based (by admission) on 'value-judgements' to attract a marginal vote in order to gain power, has created a significant debate in New Zealand.
  12. The Resource Management Act 1991 Establishment of authoritarian control by Regional and District Councils, over a wide range of unspecified activities and uses, without any basis of legal justification, by Bruce Malcolm of the Resource Users Association of New Zealand (RUANZ).

    Bruce Malcolm of RUANZ analyses the Resource Management Act 1991 (RMA), and implications for landowners in its implementation by Regional and District Councils - in an address to the Hurunui District Significant Natural Area (SNA) group, at Waipara, North Canterbury on 12 December 2000. There are considerable negative implications in not only the Act itself, but especially in the way the Regional and District (Environmental) Plans are made under it, that have seriously negative consequences for rural landowners, especially pastoral farmers.
  13. Brian Gaynor - Economist Interviewed on New Zealand National Radio by John Campbell.

    This is not really a sustainability paper, but this is a handy place for the moment to post this very revealing interview.
    Brian Gaynor discusses some of the problems and needs of the economy, at a time when the brain-drain of young people emigrating, and the negative balance-of-payments problem of New Zealand has hit the headlines. Brian gives a great deal of insight to the processes.
  14. The RMA in Hurunui District Several significant exchanges of opinion at about the end of the year 2000, involving Forest and Bird, the Hurunui District Council, and Hurunui district pastoral farmers. The adminstration of the Resource Management Act is in question.

  15. Brian Swale Submissions to the Primary Production Select Committee of the New Zealand Parliament. 2001 by Brian Swale.

    This is a collection of the papers I presented to the Select Committee, either by post or in person. At the moment I have not had time to convert them all to html, but by clicking on the links you should at least be able to download copies in either MS doc form or rtf format.

  16. NEW ZEALAND FORESTRY POLITICALLY COMPROMISED. by A. Graham D. Whyte, P.O. Box 12297, Christchurch 8030, New Zealand. Tel & Fax: +64 3 332 0435 / e-mail:
    and A. Lindsay Poole, 22 A Waru Street, Wellington 4, New Zealand. Tel: +64 4 479 7837 / e-mail:

    Paper presented at the 2001 Commonwealth Forestry Association Annual Conference ( Fremantle, Australia )

    This paper outlines the steep decline in the quality of New Zealand forestry practice since the 1989 Commonwealth Forestry Conference held in Rotorua, New Zealand. Many Commonwealth foresters were dismayed then at the upheavals in land administering departments created politically in 1987 and predicted dire consequences in trying to secure sustainable forestry outcomes in New Zealand without a change in direction. The actual outcomes have proved to be worse than the predictions, both for the plantation resource and the indigenous forest.
  17. Professor Ian Swingland     interviewed on National Radio, New Zealand.
    Professor Swingland founded "DICE" or the Durrell Institute for Conservation and Ecology in the UK, and is here to talk on biodiversity and ways of funding the maintenance of it.
  18. Protection / conservation of private "land" in New Zealand     INSIGHT programme on National Radio compiled and presented by Melanie Thornton discusses this with several people active and of pivotal importance in this area of endeavour.
  19. Recovering Earth     It used to be all doom and gloom on the environmental front, but as Anthony Browne reports, there is a growing dissenting voice. Seen first in the NZ Herald, but from the Observer. Printer-friendly version may get here some time.
  20. The disconnected populace.     Comments on an article by Professor Don. L Coursey of Chicago University. Many of the current urban population have lost connection with the land; the younger urbanites most of all. Consequently they have unreal perceptions and expectations of biota, the environment, the place of people in it, and the implications of sustainability for urban life. New Zealand and Australia have a very high proportion of their population urbanised, and the subsequent consequences for the land, the people in it, and sustainable resource use and management, are not good and must be addressed by affirmative action.
  21. Conservation Issues in New Zealand.     John Craig, Sandra Anderson, Mick Clout, Bob Creese, Neil Mitchell, John Ogden, Mere Roberts, and Graham Ussher of the School of Environmental and Marine Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand; e-mail say that conservation in New Zealand is failing to halt an ongoing decline in biodiversity. They report that legislation, management, and considerable public opinion is based on preservationist ideals but that new legislation is increasingly built on concepts of sustainability and offers the opportunity for integrating conservation, use, and development. They add that realization of these opportunities requires greater understanding of the relative merits of preservation versus sustainability, among other things
  22. LARGE NZ PLANTATION FOREST COMPANIES IN ALLIANCE WITH ENVIRONMENTAL NGOs     A Press Release by Brian Swale of Christchurch, NZ. In one of the most unlikely alliances of the decade, the NZ Forests Industries Council and the NZ Forest Owners' Association joined forces with Greenpeace South Pacific, Royal Forest & Bird Protection Society, and World Wide Fund for Nature NZ, to convene meetings designed to chart the course of forest management in New Zealand. The Forest Stewardship Council, (FSC) formerly headquartered in Oaxaca, Mexico, since 2003 in Bonn, Germany, devised the process they will follow if they are to succeed in their plans.
  23. BEECH PROJECT POSITIVE SAYS CONSERVATIONIST     News Release by Guy Salmon the Ecologic Foundation Executive Director. The development of sustainable beech production on private land on the West Coast is a positive move, which should slow the rapid rise of wooden furniture imports sourced from heavy logging of tropical forests. Kit Richards is showing us that there is a better way we can manage a small proportion of our own native forests with near-zero impact, and create jobs in New Zealand.
  24. Insight, National Radio New Zealand, 12/8/2004. The West Coast 5 years after.     Host broadcaster Chris Laidlaw begins. "West Coasters are determined to keep their timber industry alive despite Labour's pledge five years ago to end all native logging on Crown land. The move delighted conservationists, but as Katie Gossett reports, logging stalwarts have faced testing times to maintain an industry they believe will always be a big part of the Coast's economy."

    To download this radio documentary as a doc-file click-here
    Available also as a web-page with interpretative comments Here

Contact me here, at

Back to the beech index page