Subject: Re: Green MP seeks end to clear-felling
Below is the final text of the policy statement on sustainable use adopted by the IUCN (some 850 conservation member organisations) at the general assembly in Amman, Jordan.
Grahame Webb; 24 October 2000.
IUCN Resolution (2.16) Agreed at World Conservation Union meeting Amman, Jordan October 2000.
Policy Statement on Sustainable Use of Wild Living Resources
- Conservation of biological diversity is central to the mission of IUCN, and accordingly IUCN recommends that decisions of whether to use, or not to use, wild living resources should be consistent with this aim.
- BOTH CONSUMPTIVE AND NON-CONSUMPTIVE use of biological diversity are fundamental to the economies, cultures, and well being of all nations and peoples.
- Use, if sustainable, can serve human needs on an ongoing basis while contributing to the conservation of biological diversity.
- At its session of the General Assembly (Perth, 1990) in Resolution 18.24, IUCN -- The World Conservation Union recognized that “the ethical, wise and sustainable use of some wildlife can provide an alternative or supplementary means of productive land-use, and can be consistent with and encourage conservation, where such use is in accordance with appropriate safeguards”.
- This position was re-affirmed in Resolution 19.54 at the following session of the Union’s General Assembly in 1994 and subsequently in Resolution 1.39 at the 1st meeting of the World Conservation Congress in 1996.
- Analyses of uses of wild living resources in a number of different contexts demonstrate that there are many biological, social, cultural, and economic factors, which combine in a variety of configurations to affect the likelihood that a particular use may be sustainable.
- On the basis of these analyses, IUCN concludes that:
- Use of wild living resources, IF sustainable, is an important conservation tool because the social and economic benefits derived from such use provide incentives for people to conserve them;
- When using wild living resources, people should seek to minimize losses of biological diversity;
- Enhancing the sustainability of uses of wild living resources involves an ongoing process of improved management of those resources; and
- Such management should be adaptive, incorporating monitoring and the ability to modify management to take account of risk and uncertainty.
- To increase the likelihood that any use of a wild living resource will be sustainable requires consideration of the following:
- The supply of biological products and ecological services available for use is limited by intrinsic biological characteristics of both species and ecosystems, including productivity, resilience, and stability, which themselves are subject to extrinsic environmental change.
- Institutional structures of management and control require both positive incentives and negative sanctions, good governance, and implementation at an appropriate scale. Such structures should include participation of relevant stake-holders and take account of land tenure, access rights, regulatory systems, traditional knowledge, and customary law.
- Wild living resources have many CULTURAL, ETHICAL, ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC values, which can provide incentives for conservation. Where an economic value can be attached to a wild living resource, perverse
incentives removed, and costs and benefits internalized, favorable conditions can be created for investment in the conservation and the sustainable use of the resource, thus reducing the risk of resource degradation, depletion, and habitat conversion.
- Levels and fluctuations of demand for wild living resources are affected by a complex array of social, demographic, and economic factors, and are likely to increase in coming years. Thus attention to both demand
and supply is necessary to promote sustainability of uses.
- IUCN is committed to ensuring any uses of wild living resources are equitable and ecologically sustainable, and to this end it has established the Sustainable Use Initiative which incorporates regionally-structured Specialist Groups of the Species Survival Commission to:
- Identify, evaluate, and promote the principles of management that contribute to sustainability and enhanced efficiency in the use of wild living resources; and
- Regularly communicate their findings to members and the broader community.
Grahame J.W. Webb, Director,
Wildlife Management International Pty. Ltd,
P.O. Box 530, Sanderson, NT 0812,