World fern statistics by country

by Michael Hassler, with minor tweaking by Brian Swale      


Status:                     ++ complete coverage, modern flora existing
+ (+) modern checklist existing, but modern flora only partially existing
+ modern checklist existing
o coverage partial
o (+) coverage partial, but modern flora partially existing
- no good or modern treatment for the country available

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
EUROPE
154
22

10.291.830
Europe in general:
Flora Europaea, Vol. 1 (2nd ed.) (TUTIN et al., ed., 1993)
Checklist of European Pteridophytes (DERRICK et al. 1987)
Albania
46
0
++
28.748
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Austria
68
0
++
83.858

Baleares
31
2
++
4.912
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (TIERRA 1990)
Baltic States (Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia)
49
0
++
45.227 (Est.)
63.700 (Latv.)
65.300 (Lith.)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Flora of Russia. The European Part and Bordering Regions. Vol. 1 (FEDOROV 1999)
Belgium
53
0
++
30.528
Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (DE LANGHE et al. 1983)
Bulgaria
58
0
++
110.994
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Corsica
64
0
++
8.680
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Crete
39
1
++
8.335
Exkursionsflora für Kreta (JAHN & SCHÖNFELDER 1995)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
former Czechoslovakia (Czech Republik & Slovakia)
63
0
++
78.864 (C.R.)
49.035 (Slov.)

Denmark
46
0
++
43.094
Den danske Flora (HANSEN et al. 1975)
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
England (including Scotland, excluding Northern Ireland)
66
1
++
244.110
The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (JERMY 1991)
Flora of the British Isles (CLAPHAM et al. 1962)
European Turkey
24
0
++
ca. 40.000
Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 1 (DAVIS, ed., 1965)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Faroer Isl.
21
0
++
1.399

Finland
55
0
++
338.144
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
France (except Corsica)
107
1
++
535.285
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984) (southern France only)
Index synonymique de la flore de France (KERGUÉLEN 1993)
Germany
73
0
++
356.970

Greece (including Western Aegaean, except Eastern Aegaean Islands)
60
1
++
123.600
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Hungary
54
0
++
93.030

Iceland
35
0
++
103.000
A guide to the flowering plants and ferns of Iceland (KRISTINSSON 1998)
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland)
49
0
++
70.000
The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (JERMY 1991)
Italy (mainland only)
107
1
++
203.856
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Jan Mayen
3
0
++
380
The flora of Jan Mayen (LID 1964)
Malta
27
0
++
316
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
A Flora of the Maltese Islands (HASLAM, SELL & WOLSELEY 1977)
Netherlands
42
0
++
33.920

Norway
64
0
++
385.639
Norsk og svensk flora (LID 1963)
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
Poland
64
0
++
312.684

Portugal
62
2
++
89.357
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (TIERRA 1990)
Romania
58
0
++
237.500

European Russia
(excluding Caucasus),
Belarus,
Ukraine (excluding Crimea),
Moldavia
76
0
++
ca. 4.300.000
(Europ. Russia)
603.700 (Ukraine)
207.595 (Belarus)
33.700 (Moldavia)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Flora of Russia. The European Part and Bordering Regions. Vol. 1 (FEDOROV 1999)
Flora of the Russian Arctic, Vol. 1 (TOLMACHEV, ed., 1995)
Sardinia
45
0
++
23.318
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Sicily
45
0
++
25.426
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Spain
100
1
++
498.717
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Plantas Vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares, Vol. 1 (CASTROVIEJO et al. 1986)
Checklist of Vascular Plants of Spain, Vol. 1 (SMYTHIES 1984)
Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (TIERRA 1990)
Svalbard (Spitzbergen)
5
0
++
62.160
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
Svalbards flora (ROENNING 1964)
Sweden
61
0
++
449.964
Norsk og svensk flora (LID 1963)
Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (JONSELL, ed., 2000)
Switzerland
70
0
++
41.285
Flora Helvetica (LAUBER & WAGNER 1998)
former Yugoslavia (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Serbia, Macedonia)
83
2
++
255.000
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
MACARONESIA
93
17

14.294
Macaronesia in general:
Flora of Macaronesia, Checklist of Vascular Plants, 4th ed. (HANSEN & SUNDING 1993)
Azores
50
4
++
2.247
Flora Europaea, Vol. 1 (2nd ed.) (TUTIN et al. 1993)
Canary Islands
57
2
++
7.273
Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (HOHENESTER & WEISS 1993)
Madeira (incl. Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo, Salvajes Isl.)
60
5
++
741
Flora of Madeira (PRESS 1994)
Capverdes
45
0
++
4.033
Flora of Macaronesia, Checklist of Vascular Plants, 4th ed. (HANSEN & SUNDING 1993)
The Ferns and Fern-Allies (Pteridophyta) of the Cape Verde Islands (LOBIN et al. 1998)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
NORTHWEST AFRICA
65
1

4.756.888
Northwest Africa in general:
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Flore de l'Afrique du Nord, Vol. 1 (MAIRE 1952)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Algeria
51
0
++
2.381.740
Nouvelle Flore de l'Algerie (QUEZEL & SANTA 1962)
Libya
15
0
++
1.757.000
Flora of Libya - Pteridophytes (1989)
Morocco
53
1
++
453.730
Pteridophyta, in: Flore pratique du Maroc, Vol. 1 (SALVO & OUYAHYA 1999)
Tunisia
28
0
+
164.418


Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists of Ferns and Fern Allies
TROPICAL AND NORTHEAST AFRICA
742
373

22.833.594

Angola
199
2
++
1.246.700
Conspectus florae angolensis: Pteridophyta (SCHELPE 1977)
Annobon Isl.
31
0
o
ca. 1.500

Ascension Isl.
11
6
++
88
Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (BENL & BENL 1988)
The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (CRONK 2000)
Benin (Dahomey)
37
0
++
112.622
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Flora of Benin, Vol. 1 (SOUZA 1987)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo)
204
3
++
2.017
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
The Pteridophyta of Bioko, Vol. 1-5 (BENL 1978-91)
Botswana
38
0
++
581.730
Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (SCHELPE 1970)
Burkina Faso (Upper Volta)
12
1
+
274.200
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (LEBRUN 1991)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Burundi
?100-150
[93 in list]
5
- (+)
27.834
Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (various volumes, see literature list, only a minor part of the Ferns is covered)
Cameroun
278
10
++
475.442
Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 3 (TARDIEU-BLOT 1964)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Central African Republic
112
2
+
622.436
Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (BOULEVERT 1977)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Chad
30
1
+
1.284.000
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional (LEBRUN et al. 1972, with supplements 1976, 1977, 1986)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Congo (Republic Congo)
214
11
+
342.000
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo (SITA & MOUTSAMBOTE 1988)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Djibouti
13
0
+
23.200
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (LEBRUN ET AL. 1990)
Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (PICHI-SERMOLLI 1954 ff.)
[Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 1: due to be published in 2002]
Egypt (except Sinai peninsula)
12
0
+
938.915
A Manual Flora of Egypt (MUSCHLER 1912)
Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1 (BOULOS 1999)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Equatorial Guinea (continental part [former Rio Muni], except Bioko Isl. and Annobon Isl.)
?100-120
[80 in list]
0
-
24.500

Eritrea
13
1
o
121.144
Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (PICHI-SERMOLLI 1954 ff.)
[Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 1: due to be published in 2002]
Ethiopia
134
9
o
1.133.380
Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (PICHI-SERMOLLI 1954 ff.)
[Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 1: due to be published in 2002]
Gabon
168
1
++
267.667
Flore du Gabon, Vol. 8. Ptéridophytes (TARDIEU-BLOT 1964)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Gambia
17
0
o
11.295
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Ghana
146
2
o
238.500
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Guinea
173
3
o
245.857
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Guinea-Bissau
6
0
o
36.125
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)
159
2
o
322.462
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Kenya
258
3
+ (+)
582.646
Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)
Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (JOHNS 1991, Checklist)
Liberia
165
2
+
99.067
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Über die Farne Liberias (Westafrika), ihr Vorkommen und ihre Verbreitung (KUNKEL 1962)
Malawi
187
0
++
118.484
Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (SCHELPE 1970)
Mali
31
0
+
1.240.192
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali (BOUDET et al. 1986)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Mauretania
8
0
++
1.030.700
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (LEBRUN 1998)
Flore de Mauritanie, Vol. 2 (BARRY & CELLES 1991)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Mozambique
206
1
++
799.380
Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)
Niger
14
0
+
1.267.000
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger (FABRèGUES & LEBRUN 1976)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Nigeria
180
1
o
923.768
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Pemba Isl.
14
0
+ (+)
982
Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)
Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (JOHNS 1991, Checklist)
Principe Isl.
80
3
+
146
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tome etc. (EXELL 1944)
Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)
Rwanda
?100-150
[79 in list]
3
- (+)
26.338
Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (various volumes, see literature list, only a minor part of the Ferns is covered)
Sao Tome
146
7
+
855
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tome etc. (EXELL 1944)
Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)
Senegal
40
0
+
196.722
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Enumeration des plantes vasculaires du Senegal (LEBRUN 1973)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Sierra Leone
130
0
o
71.740
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Somalia
34
0
++
637.700
The plants of Somalia: an overview and checklist (KUCHAR 1986)
Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1 (THULIN, ed., 1993)



St. Helena
32
13
++
122
The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (CRONK 2000)
St. Helena: Checklist of endemic & indigenous plants (CLIFTON 1996)
Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (BENL & BENL 1988)
Sudan
129
0
+
2.505.800
The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (MACLEAY 1953)
Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (TARDIEU-BLOT 1953)
Tanzania (except islands)
371
15
+ (+)
942.626
Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)
Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (JOHNS 1991, Checklist)
Togo
51
0
+
56.785
The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (ALSTON 1959)
Tristan da Cunha (incl. surrounding islands)
36
11
+
202
The terrestrial botany of the Tristan da Cunha Islands (WACE & DIXON 1965)
Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (BENL & BENL 1988)
Uganda
252
4
+ (+)
241.038
Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes, see literature list)
Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (JOHNS 1991, Checklist)
Western Sahara (Spanish Sahara)
0
0
++
267.769
Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (LEBRUN 1998)
Flore de Mauritanie, Vol. 2 (BARRY & CELLES 1991)
Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (OZENDA 1991)
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
?250-300
[229 in list]
13
- (+)
2.344.885
Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (various volumes, see literature list) [only a minor part of the Ferns is covered]
Pteridophytes of the Upper Katanga (KORNAS et al. 2000)
Zambia
141
3
++
752.614
Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)
Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia (KORNAS 1978)
Zanzibar
26
0
+ (+)
1.660
Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)
Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (JOHNS 1991, Checklist)
Zimbabwe
238
1
++
390.759
Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
SOUTHERN AFRICA
261
45

2.091.077
Southern Africa in general:
Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (ARNOLD & DE WET 1993)
Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (SCHELPE & ANTHONY 1986)
South Africa
257
26
++
1.219.090

Lesotho
65
0
++
30.355

Namibia
53
0
++
824.269
Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika, Lfg. 26 (MERXMüLLER, ed., 1969)
Swaziland
77
0
++
17.363


Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
INDIAN OCEAN
696
377

601.231

Comores
168
7
+ (+)
1.862
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (TARDIEU-BLOT 1958-71)
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 14 (STEFANOVIC et al. 1997)
Madagascar
579
245
+ (+)
587.041
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (TARDIEU-BLOT 1958-71)
Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 14 (STEFANOVIC et al. 1997)
Mascarenes (Mauritius,
La Réunion, Rodrigues)
283
48
+
4.484
Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (TARDIEU-BLOT 1960)
The pteridophytes of Reunion Island (BADRE & CADET 1978)
Seychelles
94
10
+
454
Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (TARDIEU-BLOT 1960)
Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia)
7
0
+
30
An annotated checklist of the flora of Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory (TOPP 1988)
Marion & Prince Edward Isl.
9
2
+
ca. 100
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Ile Amsterdam, St. Paul Isl.
10
1
+
67
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Iles Crozet
6
0
+
300
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Iles Kerguelen
8
1
+
6.993
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Heard & McDonald Isl.
0
0
+
ca. 100
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
ARABIAN PENINSULA & SOCOTRA
54
1

3.194.603
Arabia in general:
Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra, Vol. 1 (MILLER & COPE 1996)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Kuwait
1
0
++
17.820

Bahrain
2
0
++
707

Oman (Mascat, Oman, Dhofar)
15
0
++
309.500

Qatar
0
0
++
11.427

Saudi Arabia
28
0
++
2.240.000
Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (MANDAVILLE 1990)
Flora of Saudi-Arabia, Vol. 1 (MIGAHID 1988)
Socotra (incl. Abd-al-Kuri Isl.)
24
1
++
3.579

United Arab Emirates
2
0
++
83.600

Yemen
44
0
++
527.970


Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
WESTERN ASIA
132
8

3.606.622

Afghanistan
33
0
-
652.225

Asiatic Turkey (Anatolia)
98
2
++
ca. 74.000
Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 1 (DAVIS, ed., 1965)
Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 10 (Suppl. 1) (DAVIS, ed., 1988)
Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 11 (Suppl. 2) (GüNER et al., ed., 1988)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Caucasus and Transcaucasus (Georgia, Armenia, Aserbaidshan, Talysh region, Caucasian Republics of Russia [Daghestan, Chechnya etc.])
86
3
+
69.700 (Ge.)
29.800 (Arm.)
86.600 (As.)
200.000 (Ca.)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Flora Armenii, Vol. 1 (TAHTADZJANA, ed., 1954)
Crimea peninsula
40
0
++
25.993
Flora of Russia. The European Part and Bordering Regions. Vol. 1 (FEDOROV 1999)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Cyprus
25
0
++
9.251
Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 1 (MEIKLE 1985)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
An Illustrated Flora of North Cyprus, Vol. 2 (VINEY 1996)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Eastern Aegaean Islands (Rhodos, Karpathos, Kos, Samos, Lesbos, Chios, Ikaria, Limnos etc.)
26
0
++
ca. 7.000
Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 1 (DAVIS, ed., 1965)
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Iran
56
0
+
1.648.000
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Iraq
19
0
++
438.317
Flora of Iraq, vol. 2 (E.GUEST et al., ed., 1966)
Flora of lowland Iraq (RECHINGER 1964)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Israel and Palestine
20
0
+
21.946
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Jordania (except West Bank)
5
0
+
89.556
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Lebanon
33
0
+
10.230
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie I (MOUTERDE 1966)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Sinai peninsula
7
0
+
58.824
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
A Manual Flora of Egypt (MUSCHLER 1912)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)
Syria
18
0
+
185.180
Med-Checklist, Vol. 1 (GREUTER et al. 1984)
Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie I (MOUTERDE 1966)
Conspectus Florae Orientalis, Vol. 9 (ZOHARY, HEYN & HELLER 1994)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
NORTH, CENTRAL
AND EASTERN ASIA
2988
[too high]
1907

27.875.469

China (incl. Tibet, excl. Taiwan)
2563
[too high]
1405
[too high]
+ (+)
9.571.300
Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 2-6)
Flora of China - Checklist (Missouri Botanical Garden, Internet database)
Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (GRUBOV 1963 [transl. 1999])
Japan (incl. Yakushima Isl. and Izu Isl., except Ryukyu and Bonin Isl.)
721
129
++
372.769
Flora of Japan (OHWI 1965)
Flora of Japan, Vol. 1 (IWATSUKI et al., ed., 1995)
North Korea, South Korea
241
21
-
120.500
(North Korea)
99.300
(South Korea)

Mongolia
29
0
++
1.566.500
Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia (GRUBOV 1982)
Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (GRUBOV 1963 [transl. 1999])
Ryukyu Isl.
268
14
++
4.700
Flora of the Ryukyu Islands (WALKER 1976)
Siberia
(incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Amur, Ussuri, Sakhalin, Primorye, Magadan, etc.)
193
6
+
ca. 11.500.000 (Siberia)
76.400 (Sakhalin)
15.600
(Kuril Isl.)
518.000 (Kamchatka)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Flora of the Russian Arctic, Vol. 1 (TOLMACHEV, ed., 1995)
Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (GRUBOV 1963 [transl. 1999])
Taiwan (Formosa)
738
125
++
36.000
Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 1-6, 1990 ff.)
Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 1 (2nd. ed., 1994)
Central Asian Republics (Kazakstan, Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kirgisia)
56
1
++
2.717.300 (Kazakstan)
143.100 (Tadjikistan)
488.100 (Turkmen.)
447.400 (Uzbekistan)
198.500 (Kirgisia)
Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (CZEREPANOV 1995, Checklist)
Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (GRUBOV 1963 [transl. 1999])

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
INDIAN SUB-CONTINENT AND INDOCHINA
1598
344

6.437.509

Andaman Isl.
68
2
++
6.496
Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (DIXIT 2001)
Bangladesh
?100-200
[68 in list]
0
-
147.570

Bhutan
258
1
o
47.000
New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (FRASER-JENKINS 1997)
Burma (Myanmar)
?500-600
[493 in list]
12
-
676.552

Cambodia
?300-400
[140 in list]
0
o
181.035
Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (TARDIEU-BLOT & CHRISTENSEN 1939-1951)
India
1042
93
+ (+)
3.278.967
[over 20 regional floras of India not listed here, see literature list. See also extensive literature list in KHULLAR 1994/2000]
Illustrated Manual of Ferns of Assam (BORTHAKUR et al. 2000)
A census of the Indian Pteridophytes (DIXIT 1984)
The Ferns of India: Enumeration, Synonyms and Distribution (CHANDRA 2000)
New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (FRASER-JENKINS 1997)
Fern flora of South India (NAMPY & MADHUSOODANAN 1998)
An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (KHULLAR 1994/2000)
Laos
?300-400 [140 in list]
1
o
236.800
Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (TARDIEU-BLOT & CHRISTENSEN 1939-1951)
Maledives
?0
0
-
298

Nepal
393
2
+
147.181
An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal, Vol. 1 (HARA et al. 1978)
An enumeration of the Pteridophytes of Nepal (IWATSUKI 1988)
New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (FRASER-JENKINS 1997)
An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (KHULLAR 1994/2000)
Nicobar Isl.
87
2
++
1.800
Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (DIXIT 2001)
Flora of Great Nicobar Island (SINHA 1999)
Pakistan
138
1
+
796.095
An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (KHULLAR 1994/2000)
Flora of West Pakistan. Incl.: An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir (by R. R. STEWART) (NASIR, ed., 1972)
Sikkim
297
3
+ (+)
7.300
A census of the Indian Pteridophytes (DIXIT 1984)
The Ferns of India: Enumeration, Synonyms and Distribution (CHANDRA 2000)
Sri Lanka
396
37
+
65.610
A check list of the pteridophytes of Sri Lanka (ABEYWICKRAMA 1978)
An annotated check-list of the Pteridophytes of Ceylon (SLEDGE 1982)
Thailand
652
21
++
513.115
Flora of Thailand, Vol. 3/1-4 (TAGAWA & IWATSUKI 1979-1989)
Pteridophytes in Thailand (BOONKEERD & POLLAWATN 2000)
Vietnam
591
66
o
331.690
Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (TARDIEU-BLOT & CHRISTENSEN 1939-1951)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
MALESIA
3227
2326

2.959.296
Malesia in general (except Bismarck Arch., Solomons, Bougainville):
Flora Malesiana, Series II: Fern and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-3 (to be continued)
Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Admirality Isl., etc.)
?300-400
[84 in list]
19
- (+)
48.500

Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, Brunei, incl. Natuna Isl., Riouw Arch.)
1185
722
- (+)
743.384
The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (PARRIS et al. 1992)
Bougainville Isl.
?100-150
[22 in list]
4
-
8.370

Java (incl. Madura Isl.)
519
75
- (+)
130.520

Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Wetar)
164
14
- (+)
ca. 80.000

peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (incl. Langkawi Isl.)
660
49
++
132.246
A revised Flora of Malaya II: Ferns of Malaya, ed. 2 (HOLTTUM 1966)
A Guide to the Ferns of Singapore (WEE 1987)
Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei, Aru, Banda, Ambon, Ceram, Buru, Sula, Obi, Bacan, Halmaheira, Ternate, Tidore, Morotai, Talaud)
?500-600 [352 in list]
64
- (+)
74.500

New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, incl. d'Entrecasteaux Isl., Louisiade Arch., Rennell Isl.)
1183
722
- (+)
800.000

Philippines
1048
402
o (+)
300.000
Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna, Vol. 2 (ZAMORA & CO 1986)
Solomons
?300-400
[159 in list]
39
-
27.556

Sulawesi (Celebes) (incl. Selayar, Banggai, Sangihe)
?500-700
[397 in list]
82
- (+)
189.070

Sumatra (incl. Mentawai, Enggano, Nias, Simeuleu, Lingga, Anambas, Krakatau, Bangka, Belitung)
?700-800
[615 in list]
155
- (+)
425.150


Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
AUSTRALIA
470
159

7.690.849
Australia in general:
Census of Australian Vascular Plants (HNATIUK 1990)
Flora of Australia, Volume 48 (1998)
New South Wales
177
3
++
801.500

Australian Capital Territory
22
0
++


Northern Territory
84
3
++
1.346.200

Queensland
390
74
++
1.727.200

South Australia
53
1
++
984.400
Flora of South Australia (JESSOP & TOELKEN 1986)
Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (DUNCAN & ISAAC 1994)
Tasmania
102
7
++
68.300
Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (DUNCAN & ISAAC 1994)
The Ferns of Tasmania (GARRETT 1997)
Victoria
122
1
++
227.600
Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (DUNCAN & ISAAC 1994)
Flora of Victoria, Vol. 2 (WALSH & ENTWISLE, ed., 1994)
Western Australia
85
8
++
2.535.500

Christmas Island (Australia)
31
2
++
135
Flora of Australia, Vol. 49/50 (Oceanic Islands) (1993/1994)
Cocos Island (Keeling Island)
0
0
++
14
Flora of Australia, Vol. 49/50 (Oceanic Islands) (1993/1994)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
PACIFIC
1209
745

349.946
Pacific in general:
Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (MUELLER-DOMBOIS & FOSBERG 1998)
American Samoa
110
2
o
197
A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (CHRISTENSEN 1943)
Vegetation of Eastern Samoa (WHISTLER 1980)
Plants of the Manua Islands (YUNCKER 1945)
Antipodes Isl.
23
1
++
ca. 60
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Auckland Isl.
43
0
++
551
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
Austral Isl. (Tubuai Isl., incl. Rapa Isl.)
103
25
+
148
Les Orchidees du Tubuai, suives d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des Iles Australes (HALLé 1980)
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Banaba Isl. (Ocean Isl.)
1
0
+
ca. 10
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Bonin Isl. (incl. Volcano Isl. = Kazan-Retto = Iwo-jima)
79
22
++
132
A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (KOBAYASHI & ONO 1987)
Flora of the Bonin Islands (TOYODA 1981)
Campbell Isl.
22
0
++
137
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Chatham Isl., Snares Isl.
84
1
++
963
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
Christmas Isl. (Kiribati p. p.)
0
0
+
321
Plants of Christmas Island (CHOCK & HAMILTON 1962)
Cook Isl. (incl. Rarotonga Isl.)
58
6
+
230
Flora of Rarotonga (WILDER 1931)
Federal States of Micronesia (Central and Eastern Carolines: Truk, Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae)
134
15
+
702
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Fiji
298
75
++
18.376
The pteridophyte flora of Fiji (BROWNLIE 1977)
Gambier Isl. (incl. Mangareva Isl.)
9
0
+
ca. 50
Census of the flora of the Gambier Islands, Polynesia (ST. JOHN 1988)
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Gilbert Islands (Kiribati p. p.)
4
0
+
311
Flora of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati, checklist (FOSBERG & SACHET 1987)
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (THAMAN 1992)
Hawaii
167
116
+
16.729
Checklist of Hawaiian Ferns (in Press) (PALMER 2002)
Ferns of Hawaii (VALIER 1995)
Henderson Isl. (incl. Ducie Atoll)
8
0
+
37
Henderson Island (Southeast Polynesia) (FOSBERG et al. 1983)
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Kermadec Isl.
36
3
++
36
Kermadec Islands Flora. An annotated checklist (SYKES 1977)
New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (SYKES & WEST 1996)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
Line Islands (Kiribati p. p.)
5
0
+
436
Notes on the vascular flora and terrestrial vertebrates of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands (CLAPP & SIBLEY 1971)
Vegetation History of Washington Island (Teraina), Northern Line Islands (WESTER et al. 1992)
Checklist of the vascular plants of the northern Line Islands (WESTER 1985)
Lord Howe Isl.
61
23
++
154
Flora of Australia, Vol. 49/50 (Oceanic Islands) (1993/1994)
Macquarie Isl.
6
0
++
123
Flora of Australia, Vol. 49/50 (Oceanic Islands) (1993/1994)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Marcus Isl.
0
0
+
ca. 10
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Marquesas Isl.
ca. 120
[74 in list]
21
o
1.020
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Marshall Isl.
10
0
+
174
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Vascular Plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll (FOSBERG & SACHET 1962)
A review of the natural history of the Marshall Islands (FOSBERG 1990)
Nauru
3
0
++
21
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (THAMAN 1992)
The Flora of Nauru (THAMAN et al. 1994)
New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl., Ile Art)
263
107
++
19.058
Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 3 (BROWNLIE 1969)
New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl.)

         


181
36
++
270.000
New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (BROWNSEY & SMITH-DODSWORTH 2000)
A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (BROWNSEY, GIVEN & LOVIS 1985)
Niue Isl.
28
0
++
264
The flora of Niue Island (YUNCKER 1943)
Contributions to the flora of Niue (SYKES 1970)
Norfolk Isl.
47
7
++
39
Flora of Australia, Vol. 49/50 (Oceanic Islands) (1993/1994)
Northern Marianas
28
1
++
152
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (RAULERSON & RINEHART 1992)
Palau Isl. (Republic of Palau, Western Carolines)
124
13
+
516
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Vascular Plants of Palau with vernacular names (FOSBERG et al. 1980)
Phoenix Islands (Kiribati p.p.)
0
0
++
42
Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific (FOSBERG & STODDART 1994)
Pitcairn Isl., Oeno Atoll
18
4
+
6
An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (ST. JOHN 1987)
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Bora Bora, Makatea, etc.)
190
67
o
1.628
Pteridophytes of Society Islands (COPELAND 1931)
Southern Marianas (incl. Guam)
67
4
++
867
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (RAULERSON & RINEHART 1992)
The Flora of Guam (STONE 1970)
Tokelau Isl. (incl. Swains Isl.)
9
0
o
14
The vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll (PARHAM 1971)
The Flora and Vegetation of Swains Island (WHISTLER 1983)
Tonga
90
3
+
750
Plants of Tonga (YUNCKER 1959)
The vegetation of Late, Tonga (SYKES 1981)
The Pteridophytes of 'Eua, Southern Tonga (SYKES 1978)
New or noteworthy ferns from the Tongan Islands (IWATSUKI 1963)
Tuamotu Arch. (excl. Gambier Isl.)
9
0
o
ca. 450
Takapoto Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago: terrestrial vegetation (SACHET 1983)
Flora of Makatea (WILDER 1934)
Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (BROWN & BROWN 1931)
Tuvalu (Ellice Isl.)
7
0
o
26
Vegetation and Flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu (WOODROFFE 1985)
Vanuatu (incl. Santa Cruz Isl.)
?130-170
[120 in list]
22
-
12.190

Wake Isl.
0
0
+
8
Vegetation and flora of Wake Island (FOSBERG 1959)
Wake Island vegetation and flora, 1961-1963 (FOSBERG & SACHET 1969)
Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (FOSBERG et al. 1982)
Wallis Isl., Futuna Isl. (Horne Isl.)
59
[6 in list]
?0
-
177

Western Samoa
217
29
o
2.831
A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (CHRISTENSEN 1943)
Vegetation and Flora of the Aleipata Islands, Western Samoa (WHISTLER 1983)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
NORTH AMERICA
435
138

21.938.931
North America in general:
Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993)
A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (LELLINGER 1985)
A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the United States, Canada and Greenland (KARTESZ & KARTESZ 1980)
Canada
167
2
++
9.970.610
The flora of Canada (SCOGGAN 1978)
Les fougeres et les plantes alliees du Canada (CODY & BRITTON 1989)
USA
410
74
++
8.262.426

Alaska (incl. Aleutes)
66
0
++
1.530.000
Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories (HULTéN 1968)
Greenland
31
0
++
2.175.600

Bermuda
19
4
o
53
Flora of Bermuda (BRITTON 1918)
St. Pierre & Miquelon Isl.
32
0
++
242


Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA
2620
616

2.485.930
Central America in general:
Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995) [covers in Mexico only Chiapas fully]
Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (TRYON & TRYON 1982)
Belize
250
2
++
22.965

Costa Rica
1021
52
++
51.060
The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (LELLINGER 1989)
El Salvador
284
1
++
21.041
Una guia taxonomica para helechos de El Salvador (SEILER 1980)
Listado de la flora Salvadorensis / Pteridophyta (PFEIFFER-BERENDSOHN 1989)
Guatemala
674
5
++
108.889
Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala, pt. 1-3 (STOLZE 1976-83)
Honduras
521
6
++
112.492
Hondurensis Plantarum Vascularium Catalogus. Pteridophyta (SUTHERLAND et al. 1996)
Mexiko (incl. Baja California, Guadalupe Isl.)
999
196
o (+)
1.964.382
Flora Novo-Galiciana, Volume 17 (MCVAUGH 1992)
Pteridophytes. Flora of Chiapas, part 2 (SMITH 1981)
Flora of Baja California (WIGGINS 1980)
Pteridophyte flora of Oaxaca, Mexico (MICKEL & BEITEL 1988)
Ferns and fern allies of Chihuahua, Mexico (KNOBLOCH & CORRELL 1962)
Listados floristicos de Mexico. IX. Flora de Durango (ELIZONDO et al. 1991)
Flora de Mexico, Volume 6, parts 1-3: Pteridophyta (1993-1995)
Nicaragua
510
1
++
129.494

Panama
878
34
++
75.517
Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'ARCY 1987)
The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (LELLINGER 1989)
Clipperton Isl.
0
0
+
30
Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (MUELLER-DOMBOIS & FOSBERG 1998)
Isla del Coco (Cocos Isl.)
13
6
++
40
The ferns and fern-allies of Cocos Island, Costa Rica (GOMEZ 1975)
Contribuciones a la pteridologia costarricense. VII. Pteridofita de la Isla de Cocos (GOMEZ 1975)
Revillagigedos Isl. (incl. Socorro Isl.)
10
1
++
ca. 20
The vascular flora of Isla Socorro, Mexico (LEWIN & MORAN 1989)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
CARIBBEAN
939
375

232.680
Caribbean in general:
Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (TRYON & TRYON 1982)
Anguilla
0
0
++
ca. 70
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Antigua and Barbuda
29
0
++
441
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Eastern Netherlands Antilles (Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao)
8
0
++
ca. 600
Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (KRAMER 1962)
Bahamas
41
0
++
13.939
Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (CORRELL & CORRELL 1982)
Barbados
35
0
++
430
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Cayman Isl.
19
0
++
262
Flora of the Cayman Islands (PROCTOR 1984)
Cuba
495
57
o (+)
114.525
Flora de la Republica de Cuba, Vol. 4: Hymenophyllaceae (SáNCHEZ 2000)
Dominica
193
1
++
750
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Flora of Dominica (HODGE 1954)
Grenada
148
2
++
344
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Guadeloupe (incl. Marie Galante, La Désirade)
288
7
++
ca. 1600
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Hispaniola (Dominican Republic & Haiti)
ca. 550
[583 in list]
76
-
76.200

Jamaica
549
64
++
10.991
Ferns of Jamaica (PROCTOR 1985)
Martinique
227
1
++
1.102
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Montserrat
119
1
++
102
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Puerto Rico
357
23
++
8.959
Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (PROCTOR 1989)
St. Barthelemy (St. Barts)
9
0
++
ca. 40
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
St. Eustatius, Saba
56
0
++
ca. 40
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
St. Kitts & Nevis
127
2
++
269
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
A revised list of pteridophytes from St. Kitts (PROCTOR 1962)
St. Lucia
122
1
++
616
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
St. Maarten (St. Martin)
14
0
++
86
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
163
0
++
389
Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (PROCTOR 1977)
Turks & Caicos Isl.
7
0
++
430
Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (CORRELL & CORRELL 1982)
Virgin Islands (U.S. Virgin Islands and British Virgin Islands)
50
0
++
495
Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (PROCTOR 1989)

Country / Region
Species count
Endem.
Status
Area (km2)
Reference works and checklists
SOUTH AMERICA
3281
2271

17.867.545
South America in general:
Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (TRYON & TRYON 1982)
Argentina
337
23
+
2.780.400
Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 1 (ZULOAGA et al. 1996)
Bolivia
836
78
+
1.098.581
A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia (FOSTER 1958)
Brazil
1200-1300 [1309 in list]
562
- (+)
8.547.404
Flora ilustrada Catarinense (SEHNEM 1967-84)
Flora ilustrada do Rio Grande do Sul (various volumes, 1955-64)
Chile
128
16
++
756.626
Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile (MARTICORENA 1984)
Flora of Chile, Vol. 1 (MARTICORENA et al., ed., 1995)
Colombia
1410
124
+ (+)
1.141.748
The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (LELLINGER 1989)
Helechos y plantas afines de Colombia (MURILLO-PULIDO 1990)
Flora de Colombia, Vol. 9: Pteridophyta 1 (MURILLO-PUILIDO 1988)
Ecuador
1318
184
+ (+)
272.045
Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (MOELLER-JOERGENSEN et al. 1999)
Flora of Ecuador (various volumes)
French Guiana
318
8
+ (+)
83.534
Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (BOGGAN et al. 1997)
Flora of the Guianas (Series B, various volumes)
Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana, Vol. 1 (MORI 1997)
Guyana (British Guyana)
491
18
+ (+)
214.969
Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (BOGGAN et al. 1997)
Flora of the Guianas (Series B, various volumes)
Paraguay
225
16
- (+)
406.752
Flora of Paraguay (various volumes) [only a few species are covered so far]
Peru
1057
140
++
1.280.000
Pteridophyta of Peru, pt. 1-6 (TRYON & STOLZE 1989-94)
Surinam
313
2
+ (+)
163.265
Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (BOGGAN et al. 1997)
Flora of the Guianas (Series B, various volumes)
The Pteridophytes of Suriname (KRAMER 1978)
Uruguay
113
?1
++
176.215
Flora de Uruguay, Vol. 1 Pteridophyta (LEGRAND & LOMBARDO 1958)
Venezuela
1173
141
++
912.050
Helechos, flora de Venezuela, Vol. 1 + 2 (VARESCHI 1968-69)
Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 2 (1995)
Antarctic Peninsula
0
0
+

Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Desventuradas Isl.
0
0
+
ca. 30
Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (MUELLER-DOMBOIS & FOSBERG 1998)
Easter Island (Rapa Nui)
14
5
++
180
Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (MUELLER-DOMBOIS & FOSBERG 1998)
Flora of Chile, Vol. 1 (MARTICORENA et al., ed., 1995)
Falkland Isl.
21
1
++
12.173
Flowering Plants of the Falkland Islands (WOODS 2000)
The vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (MOORE 1968)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)
Galapagos Isl.
121
9
++
7.844
Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (JOERGENSEN et al. 1999)
Flora of the Galapagos Islands (WIGGINS & PORTER 1971)
Juan Fernandez Isl. (Robinson Crusoe Isl.)
53
20
++
181
Vascular flora of the Robinson Crusoe Islands (MARTICORENA et al. 1998)
Flora of Chile, Vol. 1 (MARTICORENA et al., ed., 1995)
Helechos de Juan Fernandez (BARRERA MOSCOSO 1997)
Malpelo Isl. (Colombia)
1
0
+
ca. 10
Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (MUELLER-DOMBOIS & FOSBERG 1998)
Tobago
53
1
-
see Trinidad

Trinidad
243
20
-
5.128

South Georgia, South Shetland
8
0
+
3.750 (S. G.)
4.660 (S. S.)
Biota Australis Terrestris (ASHWORTH & VESTAL, Internet database)