Family Lycopodiaceae, genus Lycopodium; world species list.

By Michael Hassler and Brian Swale.      

A list of the species of the genus Lycopodium, giving current name, authority, synonyms, published references, geographic distribution and (sometimes) illustrations.
Please note: an asterisk * in the distribution list means that the species is exotic to the country named.


001.00 Class Lycopsida Trivial names: Lycophytes Statistics: 3 orders, 3 families, 6 genera, 1313 spp. [1321 species and 28 hybrids listed] 001.000 Order Lycopodiales Statistics: 1 family, 483 spp. [487 species and 12 hybrids listed] 001.0000 Family Lycopodiaceae Beauv. ex Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Veg. (Lam. & Mirb.) 4: 293 (1802) Trivial names: Bärlappgewächse Statistics: 4 genera, 483 spp. [487 species and 12 hybrids listed] = Huperziaceae Rothm.; Fedde Repert. 66: 236 (1962) [nom. nov. = Urostachyaceae Rothm.; Fedde Repert. 54: 58 (1944) [nom. illeg. = Phylloglossaceae Kze.; Bot. Zeit. 1: 722 (1843) 001.0001 Lycopodium L.; Sp. Pl.: 1100 (1753) [s. str. Statistics: 54 spp. worldwide [54 species and 4 hybrids listed] Revision date: 20.07.2001 Trivial names: Bärlapp = Austrolycopodium Holub; 1991 = Clopodium Raf.; Anal. nat. 205. 1815 [nom. inval. = Copodium Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 44 (1817) [nom. superfl. = Diphasiastrum Holub; Preslia 47: 104 (1975) = Diphasium C. Presl ex Rothm.; Abhandl. Böhm. Gesell. (Bot. Bemerk.) V, 3: 883 (1845) = Lepidotis Mirbel; Hist. Nat. Veg. (Lam. & Mirb.) 3: 477 (1802) [nom. superfl. = Lycopodiastrum Holub ex Dixit; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 77 (3): 540. 1981 [Holub, Preslia 47: 103. 1975, nom. inval.] = Lycopodion Adans.; Fam. pl. 2: 491. 1763 [orth. var. = Oxynemum Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 44 (1817) = Pseudodiphasium Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 440 (1983) = Pseudolycopodium Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 441 (1983) [Preslia 47: 103 (1975)] [nom. inval. Lycopodium aberdaricum Chiov.; Lav. Istit. Bot. Modena 6: 152 (1935) Distribution: Angola, Zaire, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Cameroun, Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Transvaal, Oranje Free State, Natal, Cape Prov., Swaziland, Lesotho, Sao Tomé Conservation status: IUCN I (Kenya) = Austrolycopodium aberdaricum (Chiov.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium clavatum var. natalense Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 36(12-15): 191, t. 176 (1934) = Lepidotis inflexa P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 109 (1805) = Lycopodium clavatum var. inflexum (Beauv.) Spring; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 7: 192 (1932) = Lycopodium inflexum (P. Beauv.) Sw.; Syn. Fil. 179 (1806) Lycopodium alboffii Rolleri; Physis Seccion C 38(95): 56 (1979) Distribution [complete]: Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (Rio Negro, Santa Cruz Prov.), Falkland Isl. = Austrolycopodium alboffii (Rolleri) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium clavatum L. var. magellanicum (P. Beauv.) Hook. f. f. nana Albof; Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 392 (1896) [non L. nanum Herter 1909 = Lycopodium magellanicum var. maius Herter ex Nessel (1939) [nom. nud. = Lycopodium magellanicum var. nanum (Alboff) Looser (1939) Lycopodium alpinum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1104 (1753) ssp. alpinum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1104 (1753) Trivial names: Alpenbärlapp Distribution: Austria, Belgium, England, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, ?Denmark, Faroer Isl., Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Spain, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, asiatic Turkey (Anatolia), Ural, asiatic Turkey (Anatolia), Alaska, Greenland, Canada (Newfoundland, Labrador, N-Quebec, Alberta, British Columbia, N.W.Territories, Yukon), NW-USA, Idaho, Montana, Washington), C-USA (Colorado), N-European Russia, C-European Russia, Ukraine, Caucasus/Transcaucasus, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, C-Asia, Japan, China, Sikkim Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum alpinum (L.) J. Holub; Preslia 47: 1077 (1975) = Diphasium alpinum (L.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 65 (1944) = Lepidotis alpina (L.) P. Beauv.; Prodr. aetheogam. 107 (1805) = Lycopodium chamarense Turcz. ex Ledeb.; Fl. ross. 4: 498 (1853) [nom. inval. = Lycopodium cupressifolium Opiz; Kratos 4: 15 (1819) = Stachygynandrum alpinum (L.) C. Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 3: 583 (1845) ssp. kablikianum Domin; Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Bohemiae 47/19: 3, t. 1. 1937 [Rozpr. Ceskckslov. Akad. Ved II, 47/19: 13 (1937)] Distribution: former Czechoslovakia = Diphasiastrum kablikianum (Domin) Dostál; Fol. Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid. Bot. 21: 3. 1984 [in: Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., 3. Aufl. 1, 1. 35 (1984]) Lycopodium alticola Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 219 (1982) Distribution: China Remarks: sect. Annotina = Lycopodium alticola Ching; Flora Xizangica 1: 18 (1983) [nom. illeg., superfl. Lycopodium angustiramosum (Alderw.) Herter; Index Lyc. 4 (1949) Distribution: New Guinea Remarks: unverified name, sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum angustiramosum (Alderw.) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 107 (1975) = Lycopodium complanatum var. angustiramosum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Ser. 2, 24: 6 (1917) f. novo-guineense Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 48(12-20): 171, t. 317, f. 3 (1940) Distribution: New Guinea Remarks: unverified name Lycopodium annotinum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1103 (1753) Distribution: Austria, Belgium, England, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, +asiatic Turkey (Anatolia), Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon, Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, N.W.Territories, Nunavut, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon), Alaska, USA (Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming), N-European Russia, Baltic States, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Caucasus/Transcaucasus, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, Japan, Taiwan, Gansu, Guizhou, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Sichuan, Korea, India (Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya) Trivial names: Sprossender Bärlapp, Stiff Clubmoss Remarks: sect. Annotina = Lepidotis annotina (L.) P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 107 (1805) = Lycopodium annotinum f. proliferum Lepage = Lycopodium annotinum var. acrifolium Fernald; Rhodora 17(198): 124 (1915) = Lycopodium annotinum var. tenuifolium Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 36(12-15): 191, t. 176 (1934) = Lycopodium bryophyllum C. Presl; Reliquiae Haenkeanae 1(1): 81 (1825) = Lycopodium juniperifolium Lam.; Fl. franc. 1: Méth. anal. (33) (1779) var. acicularis H. Christ; Bulletin de l'Herbier Boissier, sér. 2, 5: 32 (1905) Distribution: China var. brevifolium H. Christ; Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, new series 1: 101 (1896), not at this refer., f. in Fl. Tsinglingensis, p. 15 Distribution: China Lycopodium assurgens Fée; Crypt. vasc. Bresil 2: 95, t. 106, f. 3. 1872-73 Distribution [complete]: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Santa Catarina) = Austrolycopodium assurgens (Fée) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium schwackei (Christ) Herter; Index Lyc. 40 (1949) = Austrolycopodium assurgens var. schwackei H. Christ; Plantas Novas Mineiras 2: 41, pl. 4 (1900) Lycopodium casuarinoides Spring; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belg. 8: 521 (1841) Distribution: Taiwan, Japan, China, peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Trengganu, Perak, Pahan, Melaka, Johor), Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), India (Assam, Meghalaya), Bhutan, Burma, Malesia, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand Remarks: Sect. Lycopodiastrum = Lepidotis casuarinoides (Spring) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 54: 67 (1944) = Lycopodiastrum casuarinoides (Spring) Holub ex Dixit; Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. 77 (3): 541 (1981) = Lycopodium comans Hook. f.; Fl. antarct. 1: 112 (1844) = Lycopodium filicaule Hook. f.; Flora Antarctica 1: 112 (1844) = Lycopodium jacobsonii Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2, 23: 22, t. 3-4 (1916) = Lycopodium leucolepis Junghuhn & Vriese; Vriese, Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 1: 13. 1848 [?Vriese, Verslag der Vergad. der lste Kl. van het K. N. Inst. 8 Feb (1845]) = Lycopodium pennicilliferum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2, 16: 40, t. 10 (1914) = Lycopodium rubellum C. Presl; Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 3: 583 (1845) Lycopodium centrochinense Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 224-225 (1982) Distribution: Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, India, Nepal, Philippines Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium clavatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1101 (1753) ssp. clavatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1101 (1753) Distribution: Austria, Belgium, England, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Portugal, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, St. Pierre & Miquelon, Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan), Alaska, USA (California, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin), N-European Russia, Baltic States, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, E-European Russia, Caucasus/Transcaucasus, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, C-Asia, asiatic Turkey (Anatolia), Japan, Taiwan, Fiji (Viti Levu), New Caledonia, peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahan), Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), Thailand, Sri Lanka Trivial names: Keulenbärlapp, Common Clubmoss, Running Cedar Remarks: sect. Lycopodium = Copodium oxynemum Raf. = Lepidotis clavata (L.) P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 108 (1805) = Lycopodium clavatum var. laurentianum Victorin = Lycopodium clavatum var. preslianum Spring; Mémoires de l'Académie Royales des Sciences, Lettres & Beaux Arts de Belgique 15: 90 (1842) = Lycopodium clavatum var. subremotum Victorin = Lycopodium divaricatum Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.; Botanical Miscellany 2: 377 (1831) = Lycopodium kinabaluense Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 223 (1982) = Lycopodium officinale Necker; Meth. musc. 150 (1771) [status uncertain = Lycopodium preslii Grev. & Hook.; Botanical Miscellany 2: 377 (1831) = Lycopodium serpens C. Presl; Reliquiae Haenkeanae 1(1): 81 (1825) [nom. illeg., non Lycopodium serpens Desv. ex Poir. (1814) = Lycopodium tamariscispica Cesati; Rendic. Accad. Reale Sci. Fis. 16: 28, 30 (1877) = Lycopodium torridum Gaudich.; Voy. Uranie 1. 283 (1828 (16 Aug.)) = Urostachys plutonis Herter; Index Lyc. 75 (1949) var. aristatum (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Spring; Flora 21(1): 173 (1838) Distribution: Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Galapagos,Nicaragua, Andes, Mexico (Chiapas, Michoacan, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca), Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, St. Kitts, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Argentina (Jujuy, Salta) = Lycopodium aristatum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. Editio quarta 5: 17 (1810) = Lycopodium aristatum var. desvauxianum Spring; Flora Brasiliensis 1(2): 114 (1840) = Lycopodium aristatum var. incurvum Grev. & Hook.; Botanical Miscellany 2: 376 (1831) = Lycopodium clavatum var. equisetoides Schwacke; Archivos de Botânica do São Paulo 1: 438 (1927) = Lycopodium clavatum var. eriostachys (Fée) Nessel & Hoehne; Archivos de Botânica do São Paulo 1: 435 (1927) = Lycopodium clavatum var. jamaicense Spring; Flora 21(1): 174 (1838) = Lycopodium clavatum var. minarum H. Christ; Plantas Novas Mineiras 2: 41 (1900) = Lycopodium clavatum var. piliferum (Raddi) Nessel & Hoehne; Archivos de Botânica do São Paulo 1: 435 (1927) = Lycopodium clavatum var. trichophyllum (Desv.) Nessel & Hoehne; Archivos de Botânica do São Paulo 1: 436 (1927) = Lycopodium eriostachys Fée; Crypt. Vasc. Bras. 1: 224 (1869) = Lycopodium piliferum Raddi; Pl. bras. nov. gen. 79 (1825) = Lycopodium trichiatum var. desvauxianum Spring; Nouv. Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 15: 92 (1842) = Lycopodium trichophyllum Desv.; Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Paris 6: 184 (1827) var. asiaticum Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 224 (1982) Distribution: China, Jilin, Japan = Lycopodium clavatum var. nipponicum Nakai; Botanical Magazine 39(463): 197 (1925) = Lycopodium aristatum var. robustius Grev. & Hook.; Botanical Miscellany 2: 376 (1831) = Lycopodium clavatum var. robustius (Grev. & Hook.) Nakai; Botanical Magazine 39(463): 197 (1925) = Lycopodium clavatum var. wallichianum Spring; Monogr. Lycop. 1: 90 (1842) var. borbonicum Bory; Voy. Iles Afrique 2: 205 (1804) Distribution: Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Cameroun, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tomé, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, South Africa, Lesotho, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Ethiopia, Sudan, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Comores, Rwanda, Burundi = Lepidotis ciliata P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 108 (1805) = Lycopodium ciliatum (P. Beauv.) Sw.; Syn. Fil. 108 (1805) = Lycopodium clavatum var. trichiatum (Bory) Nessel; Die Bärlappgewächse 301, t. 69, f. 47-48 (1939) = Lycopodium trichiatum Bory; Voy. Iles Afrique 1: 350 (1804) = Lycopodium trichophyes Sprengel; Syst. veg. 4 (1). 13 (1827) var. kiboanum Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 36(12-15): 192, t. 177 (1934) Distribution: trop. Afr. ssp. contiguum (Klotzsch) B. Øllg.; Flora of Ecuador 33: 126 (1988) Distribution [complete]: Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, British Guyana, Bolivia = Lycopodium alopecuroides ssp. contiguum (Klotzsch) comb. ined. = Lycopodium clavatum var. pseudocontiguum H. Christ; Primitiae Florae Costaricensis 3(1): 55., as Lycopodium clavatum var. "pseudo-contiguum" (1901) = Lycopodium contiguum Klotzsch; Linnaea 18: 519. 1844 = Lycopodium herbaceum (Spring) Hieron.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 575 (1905) = Lycopodium mayoris Rosenstock; Mém. Soc. Neuchatel. 5: 56, t. 6p f. 11. 1914 [1912 (C. Christensen 1913: 85)] [Borkowski (1913 (after 10 Jun.): Trav. Inst. bot. Univ. Neuchatel. 1-78, t. 1-3. (Bull. Soc. Neuchat. Sci. Nat. 40)]) = Lycopodium vestitum var. herbaceum Spring; Mémoires de l'Académie Royales des Sciences, Lettres & Beaux Arts de Belgique 24: 45 (1849) Lycopodium complanatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1104 (1753) ssp. complanatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1104 (1753) Distribution: Austria, Azores, Belgium, Bulgaria, former Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Switzerland, Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Norway, Romania, Poland, Sweden, Alaska, St. Pierre & Miquelon, Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nunavut, N.W.Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon), N-USA (Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming), N-European Russia, Baltic States, C-European Russia, W-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, E-European Russia, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, Japan, India (E-India, E-Himalayas, S-India), Thailand, Sri Lanka Trivial names: Gewöhnlicher Flachbärlapp, Northern Running-Pine Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasiastrum complanatum var. glaucum Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(2): 128 (1982) = Diphasium anceps (Wallr.) A. & D. Löve; The Nucleus 1 (1): 7. 1958 [nom. illegit. = Diphasium complanatum (L.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 64 (1944) = Diphasium complanatum ssp. anceps (Wallr.) Dostal = Diphasium wallrothii H. P. Fuchs; Acta. Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 13. 1963 = Lepidotis complanata (L.) P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 108 (1805) = Lycopodium anceps WalIr.; Linnaea 14: 676 (1841) [non C. Presl 1825 = Lycopodium complanatum f. brachypodum Fernald = Lycopodium complanatum f. wibbei (Haberer) House = Lycopodium complanatum ssp. anceps (Wallr.) Aschers. & Graebn. = Lycopodium complanatum var. anceps Asch.; Flora der Provinz Brandenburg 1: 894 (1864) = Lycopodium complanatum var. canadense Victorin = Lycopodium veitchii sensu Mandal & Sen; Biol. Mem. 3 (2): 248 (1978) = Selaginella anceps Wallr.; Linnaea 14: 676. 1841 [non C. Presl (1825) = Stachygynandrum complanatum (L.) C. Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 3: 583 (1845) ssp. zanclophyllum (Wilce) Schelpe Distribution: Cape Prov., Madagascar, Madeira, Azores = Lycopodium zanclophyllum J. Wilce; Nova Hedwigia 3 (1): 108, t. 31 f. 9-10, t. 8 (1961) = Diphasiastrum zanclophyllum (J.H. Wilce) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Diphasium zanclophyllum (J.H. Wilce) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 66: 235 (1962) Lycopodium confertum Willd.; Sp. pl. 5: 27 (1810) Distribution [complete]: Tierra del Fuego, Falkland Isl., Chile, Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz Prov.) = Austrolycopodium confertum (Willd.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium confertum var. barrosii Looser; Lilloa 11: 10, t. 2 (1945) = Lycopodium barrosii (Looser) Herter; Revista Sudamericana de Botánica 8(4): 99 (1950) = Lycopodium chonoticum Philippi; Linnaea 29: 108. [1858] (1859) Lycopodium dendroideum Michx.; Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 282 (1803) Distribution [complete]: Alaska, St. Pierre & Miquelon, Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nunavut, N.W.Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon), USA (Alaska, Connecticut, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming) Remarks: sect. Obscura Trivial names: Round-branch Ground-Pine = Lepidotis dendroidea (Michaux) P. Beauv.; Prodr. aethéogam. 108. 1805 = Lycopodium obscurum L. var. dendroideum (Michx.) D. C. Eat.; A Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States (ed. 6) 696 (1890) = Lycopodium obscurum var. hybridum Parw. Lycopodium deuterodensum Herter; Estudios Botánicos en la Región Uruguaya 20: 15 (1949), Alt. title: Index Lycopodiarum 15 (1949) Distribution [complete]: South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, New Zealand (North Isl.), Chatham Isl., New Caledonia Remarks: Sect. Pseudolycopodium = Lepidotis densa Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 54: 67 (1944) = Lycopodium densum Labill.; Nov. Holl. Pl. Sp. 2, 104, t. 251, f. 1 [non Lam. (1806) = Pseudolycopodium densum (Rothm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 442 (1983) Lycopodium diaphanum (P. Beauv.) Sw.; Syn. fil. 179 (1806) Distribution: Tristan da Cunha Remarks: sect. Lycopodium = Lepidotis diaphana P. Beauv.; Prodr. aethéogam. 108 (1805) Lycopodium digitatum Dillen. ex A. Braun; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 6: 81 (1848) Trivial names: Fan Club-moss Distribution [complete]: E-Canada (Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, S-Quebec, New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward Island), St. Pierre & Miquelon, E-USA, NE-USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin) Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum digitatum (A. Braun) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium flabelliforme (Fern.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 66: 235. 1962 = Lycopodium complanatum L. var. flabelliforme Fern.; Rhodora 3: 280. 1901 = Lycopodium flabelliforme (Fern.) Blanch; Rhodora 13: 168. 1911 = Lycopodium flabelliforme var. ambiguum Victorin Lycopodium dubium Zoega; Fl. Isl. 11 (1772) Distribution [complete]: Faroer Isl., Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, N-European Russia, C-European Russia Remarks: sect. Annotina. Status doubtful, included by North American authors in L. annotinum = Lycopodium annotinum L. var. alpestre C. Hartm. = Lycopodium annotinum ssp. alpestre (C. Hartm.) A. & D. Löve; Nucleus 1: 7 (1958) = Lycopodium annotinum ssp. dubium (Zoega) Kallio, Laine & Makinen; [nom. superfl. = Lycopodium annotinum ssp. pungens (Desv.) Hult. = Lycopodium annotinum var. pungens La Pylaie ex Desv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 182 (1827) [nom. inval. = Lycopodium pungens (Desv.) La Pyl. ex Iljin; Komarov, Fl. URSS 1: 117. 1934, t. 6, f. 8. 1934 [non Alderw (1915) Lycopodium fastigiatum R. Br.; Prodr., 165 (1810) Distribution [complete]: Victoria, Tasmania, New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.), Chatham Isl., Antipodes Isl., Auckland Isl., Campbell Isl., ?temperate South America = Lycopodium arcitenensis Herter; Index Lyc. 5 (1949) = Lycopodium berggrenii (Nessel) Herter; Estudios Botánicos en la Región Uruguaya 20: 6 (1949), Alt. title: Index Lycopodiarum 6 (1949) = Lycopodium clavatum var. fastigiatum (R. Br.) Benth.; Fl. Aust. 7, 675 (1878) = Lycopodium curvifolium Col.; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 235. 1888 [non Kunze (1835) = Lycopodium decurrens Col.; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 28: 617. 1896 [non R. Br (1810) = Austrolycopodium fastigiatum (R. Br.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = ?Lycopodium fastigiatum var. berggrenii Herter ex Nessel [Bärlappgewächse 317. 1939 [nom. inval., Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 170, t. 16p f. 86. 1940] = Lycopodium scopulosum Col.; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 234 (1888) Lycopodium fawcettii F. Lloyd & L. Underw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 167 (1900) Distribution [complete]: Jamaica, Hispaniola Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum fawcettii (F. Lloyd & L. Underw.) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) Lycopodium gayanum Rémy; Fl. chil. 6: 545 (1854) Distribution [complete]: Juan Fdz. Isl., Chile (Chiloe Isl., Concepcion, Aisén), Argentina (Santa Cruz Prov.) Remarks: sect. Diphasium = Diphasium gayanum (Remy) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78 (1985) = Lycopodium skottsbergii Herter; Index Lyc. 41 (1949) = Lycopodium scariosum f. skottsbergii Herter ex Nessel; Revista Sudamericana de Botánica 6: 172, t. 17, f. 93 (1940) = Lycopodium scariosum G. Forster var. gayanum (Rémy) Nessel = Lycopodium scariosum G. Forster var. gayanum (Rémy) Nessel f. skottsbergii Nessel = Lycopodium scariosum var. gayanum f. skottsbergii Herter ex Nessel; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 172, t. 17, f. 93 (1940) = Lycopodium skottsbergii (Herter ex Nessel) Herter; Estudios Botánicos en la Región Uruguaya 20: 41 (1949), Alt. title: Index Lycopodiarum 41 (1949) Lycopodium henryanum E. Brown ex E. Brown & F. Brown; Bernice P. Bishop Mus. Bull. 89: 106, f. 19 (1931) Distribution [complete]: Marquesas Isl. (Hiva Oa) Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum henryanum (E. Brown & F. Brown) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) Lycopodium hickeyi W.H. Wagner; Beitel & R.C. Moran, Amer. Fern J. 79: 119-121 (1989) Distribution [complete]: Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan), E-USA, NE-USA (Connecticut, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin) Remarks: Sect. Obscura = Lycopodium obscurum var. isophyllum Hickey; Amer. Fern Journal 67: 47 (1977) Lycopodium hygrophilum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2, 24: 5 (1917) Distribution: New Guinea Remarks: unverified name, sect. Lycopodium = Lycopodium pritzelii Herter ex Nessel; [Bärlappgewächse 31 1, f. 71. 1939 [nom. inval.], Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 170 (1940) Lycopodium interjectum Ching & H.S. Kung; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 221 (1982) Distribution [complete]: Sichuan Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium japonicum Thunb. ex Murray; Syst. veg. ed. 14. 944: (1784 (May-Jul.)) Distribution: Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang, India, Japan, Nepal, Philippines, Bhutan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Japan, Bangladesh Remarks: sect. Lycopodium = Lycopodium japonicum Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 341 (1784) = Stachygynandrum japonicum (Thunb. ex Murray) P. Beauv.; Prodr. aethéogam. 113 (1805) = Lycopodium pseudoclavatum Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 222-223 (1982) [fide Fraser-Jenkins (1997) = Lycopodium pseudoclavatum Ching; Flora Xizangica 1: 16 (1983) [nom. illeg., superfl. [fide Fraser-Jenkins (1997) = Lycopodium pseudoclavatum var. yunnanense Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 223 (1982) [fide Fraser-Jenkins (1997) Lycopodium juniperoideum Sw.; Syn. Fil. 401 (1806) Distribution: C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, Japan, Taiwan Remarks: sect. Obscura = Lycopodium juniperinum Sprengel; Syst. veg. 4: 15 (1827) Lycopodium jussiaei Desv. ex Poiret; Encycl. suppl. 3: 543 (1813 [1814]) Distribution [complete]: Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, SE-Brazil, Jamaica, Hispaniola Remarks: sect. Diphasium = ?Lycopodium lindsayanum Spring = Diphasium heterophyllum (Sprengel) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78 (1985) = Diphasium holtonii (L. Underw. & F. Lloyd) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78 (1985) = Diphasium jussiaei (Desv. ex Poir.) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 54: 65 (1944) = Diphasium lindseaceum (Spring) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78 (1985) = Lycopodium canceris Herter; Index Lyc. 8 (1949) = Lycopodium haenkei C. Presl; Reliquiae Haenkeanae 1(1): 78 (1825) = Lycopodium heterophyllum Sprengel; Syst. veg. 4: 13 (1827) = Lycopodium holtonii L. Underw. & F. Lloyd; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 33: 123 (1906) = Lycopodium jussiaei var. microphyllum Poir.; Encyclopédie Méthodique, Botanique 3: 543 (1814) = Lycopodium lindseaceum Spring; Flora 21: 180 (1838) = Lycopodium scariosum var. jussiaei (Desv. ex Poir.) Baker; Handbook of the Fern-Allies 29., as "Jussieui" (1887) = Lycopodium scariosum var. ramosissimum Nessel; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 172, t. 17, f. 95 (1940) Lycopodium lagopus (Laestadius ex C. Hartm.) G. Zinserling ex Kuzeneva-Prochorova; Fl. Murmansk Obl. 1: 80 (1953) Distribution [complete]: Scandinavia, N-European Russia, W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, Alaska, Canada (Yukon, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, N.W.Territories, Nunavut, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon), Greenland, USA (Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Wisconsin) = Lycopodium clavatum f. furcatum (Luerss.) Vict. = Lycopodium clavatum f. lagopus Laest. = Lycopodium clavatum ssp. lagopus (Laest.) Dostal = Lycopodium clavatum ssp. monostachyon (Grev. & Hook.) Selander; Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 28: 22 (1950) = Lycopodium clavatum var. brevispicatum Peck = Lycopodium clavatum var. integerrimum Spring = Lycopodium clavatum var. lagopus Laest. ex C. Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 7: 313 (1858) = Lycopodium clavatum var. megastachyon Fern. & Bissell; Rhodora 12(135): 53 (1910) = Lycopodium clavatum var. monostachyon Hooker & Greville = Lycopodium integrifolium Goldie; Edinb. Philos. J. 6: 332. 1822 = Lycopodium pseudo-annotinum Schur; Enum. pl. Transsilv. 826. 1866 [nom. inval. Lycopodium madeirense J.H. Wilce; Nova Hedwigia 3(1): 111 (1961) Distribution [complete]: Madeira, Azores Remarks: sect. Complanata Conservation status: IUCN R = Diphasiastrum madeirense (J.H. Wilce) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Diphasium madeirense (J. Wilce) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 66: 235 (1962) Lycopodium magellanicum (P. Beauv.) Sw.; Syn. Fil. 180 (1806) Distribution [complete]: Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz Prov.), Hispaniola, Tierra del Fuego, Tristan da Cunha, Gough Isl., South Georgia, Falkland Isl., Juan Fdz. Isl., Marion Isl., Prince Edward Isl., Iles Crozet, Iles Kerguelen = Lepidotis magellanica P. Beauv.; Prodr. Aetheog. 102 (1805) = Lycopodium clavatum var. magellanicum Hook. f.; Fl. Antarct. 1, 113 [non Sw. (1844) = Austrolycopodium magellanicum (Beauv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium magellanicum var. pusillum Herter ex Nessel; Revista Sudamericana de Botánica 6: 170, t. 16, f. 84 (1940) = Lycopodium pichinchense Hook.; Icones Plantarum 1: t. 85 (1837) = Lycopodium spurium Willd.; Sp. Pl. Editio quarta 5: 28 (1810) = Lycopodium uranii Herter; Index Lyc. 46 (1949) var. erectum (Philippi) Looser; Revista Univ. (Santiago) 22(1): 106 (1937) Distribution [complete]: C-Chile, S-Chile, S-Argentina (Jujuy, Neuquen, Rio Negro), ?Bolivia = Austrolycopodium erectum (Philippi) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium looseri Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 8: 99 (1950) [nom. superfl. = Lycopodium erectum Philippi; Anal. Univ. Chile 27: 324. 1865 Lycopodium minchegense Ching; Flora Fujianica (ed. 2) 1: 619, t. 6 (1991) Distribution [complete]: China Lycopodium montellii (Kukkonen) comb. ined. Distribution: Russia Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum complanatum ssp. montellii (Kukkonen) Kukkonen = Diphasiastrum complanatum f. montellii (Kukkonen) J. Feilberg = Diphasiastrum montellii (Kukk.) Miniaev & Ivanenko; Bot. Zurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 71 (8): 1126 1986 = Diphasium complanatum ssp. montellii Kukkonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 7: 142. 1970 = Diphasium complanatum ssp. complanatum var. montellii Kukk.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 4: 469. 1967 [nom. inval. Lycopodium multispicatum J.H. Wilce; Nova Hedwigia 3(1): 103-107 (1961) Distribution: Taiwan, Philippines Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum multispicatum (J. Wilce) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium multispicatum (J.H. Wilce) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 66: 235 (1962) Lycopodium nikoense Franch. & Sav.; Enumeratio Plantarum in Japonia Sponte Crescentium . 198, 613 (1879) Distribution [complete]: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Yakushima Isl.) Remarks: Sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum nikoense (Franch. & Sav.) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Diphasiastrum sitchense var. nikoense (Franch. & Sav.) Á. Löve & D. Löve; Taxon 26(2-3): 324 (1977) = Lycopodium sitchense var. nikoense (Franch. & Sav.) Takeda (1909) Lycopodium obscurum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1102 (1753) Trivial names: Ground Pine, Eastern Tree Clubmoss, Princess Pine Distribution [complete]: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec), E-USA, NE-USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin), NE-China (Jilin, Liaoning), Taiwan, Japan, Korea Remarks: sect. Obscura = Lycopodium dendroideum f. strictum Milde; Filices Europae 254., as "stricta" (1867) = Lycopodium obscurum f. strictum (Milde) Nakai ex H. Hara; Botanical Magazine 48(574): 706 (1934) = Lycopodium obscurum var. japonicum Thunb. (1784) Lycopodium paniculatum Desv. ex Poir.; Encyclopedie Methodique. Botanique. Supplement 3: 543 (1814) Distribution [complete]: S-Chile, S-Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro), ?Bolivia = Austrolycopodium paniculatum (Desv. ex Poir.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(1): 91 (1991) = Lycopodium dendromorphum Kunze; Linnaea 9: 7 (1834) = Lycopodium paniculatum Desv. ex Macloskie; Rev. Fl. Patagonica 21 (1915) Lycopodium papuanum Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 39(8): 64, t. 191a (1935) Distribution: New Guinea Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium platyrhizoma J.H. Wilce; Nova Hedwigia 3(1): 99 (1961) Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), Sumatra Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum platyrhizoma (J. Wilce) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium platyrhizoma (J. Wilce) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 66: 235 (1962) Lycopodium pullei Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, ser. 2, 24: 6 (1917) Distribution: New Guinea Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium scariosum Forst. f.; Prodr (1786) Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.), Chatham Isl., Antipodes Isl., Auckland Isl., Campbell Isl., Victoria, Tasmania, Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.) Remarks: sect. Diphasium = Lycopodium decurrens R. Br.; Prodr. 165 (1810) = Diphasium decurrens (R. Br.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78 (1985) = Diphasium scariosum (G. Forster) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 54: 65 (1944) = Lycopodium distans Col.; T. N. z. I. 20, 236 (1888) = Lycopodium lessonianum A. Rich.; Essai Fl. N. Z., 59 (1832) = Stachygynandrum scariosum (G. Forster) P. Beauv.; Prodr. aethéogam. 113 (1805) Lycopodium simulans Ching & H.S. Kung; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 220-221 (1982) Distribution [complete]: Yunnan Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium sitchense Rupr.; Beitr. Pflanzenk. Russ. Reiches 3: 30 (1845) Distribution [complete]: Alaska, Greenland, Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon), St. Pierre & Miquelon, NE-USA, NW-USA (Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Washington), Kamchatka, Japan Trivial names: Sitka Club-moss Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum sitchense (Rupr.) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium sitchense (Rupr.) A. & D. Löve; Univ. Color. Stud. Biol. 17: 3. 1965 = Lycopodium sabinifolium var. sitchense (Rupr.) Fern.; Rhodora 25(297): 166 (1923) = Lycopodium sabinifolium Willd. ssp. sitchense (Rupr.) Calder & Taylor; Canadian Journal of Botany 43(11): 1387 (1965) Lycopodium spectabile Bl.; Enum. pl. Javae 2: 264 (1828) Distribution: Java Remarks: Sect. Pseudodiphasium Lycopodium subarcticum V. Vassil.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 15: 24 (1953) Distribution: E-Siberia / Amur / Ussuri, Commander Isl. Remarks: sect. Annotina Lycopodium taliense Ching; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 4: 221 (1982) Distribution [complete]: W-Yunnan Remarks: sect. Lycopodium Lycopodium thyoides Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. Editio quarta 5: 18 (1810) Distribution [complete]: Costa Rica, Galapagos, Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca), Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (Jujuy), Peru, Colombia Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum thyoides (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Lycopodium complanatum var. adpressifolium Spring = Lycopodium complanatum var. thyoides (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Christ; Plantas Novas Mineiras 2: 42., as "thujoides" (1900) = Lycopodium complanatum var. tropicum Spring = Lycopodium complanatum var. validum Weath. = Stachygynandrum thyoides (Willd.) C. Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 3: 583 (1845) Lycopodium tristachyum Pursh; Fl. Amer. Septentr.: 653 (1814) Distribution: Austria, Belgium, former Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Finland, Switzerland, Netherlands, Hungary, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, asiatic Turkey (Anatolia), Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec), NE-USA, E-USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin), Baltic States, C-European Russia, Caucasus / Transcaucasus, W-Siberia, N-European Russia Trivial names: Zypressenbärlapp, Ground Cedar, Northern Ground Pine Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub. ssp. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) Kukkonen = Diphasiastrum tristachyum (Pursh) J. Holub; Preslia 47: 108. 197 (1975) = Diphasium chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) A. & D. Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 34. 1961 = Diphasium complanatum (L.) Rothm. ssp. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) Dostal; [nom. invalid. = Diphasium complanatum ssp. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) Kukkonen = Diphasium tristachyum (Pursh) Rothm. 1944; Feddes Repert. 54: 65 (1944) = Lycopodium chamaecyparissus A. Br. ex Mutel; Fl. franc. 4: 192. 1837 = Lycopodium complanatum L. ssp. chamicyparissus (A. Braun) Nyman = Lycopodium complanatum L. var. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) Dostal = Lycopodium complanatum ssp. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) C. Hartm. = Lycopodium complanatum ssp. chamaecyparissus (A. Br. ex Mutel) Milde; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 26: 395 (1858) = Lycopodium complanatum ssp. tristachyum (Pursh) Dostal = Lycopodium complanatum var. chamicyparissus (A. Braun) Doell = Lycopodium complanatum var. patentifolium Spring = Lycopodium complanatum var. tristachyum (Pursh) Domin Lycopodium veitchii Christ; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 16: 141 (1906) Distribution: Taiwan, India (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh), China, Japan Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum veitchii (H. Christ) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Lycopodium alpinum var. transmorrisonense Hayata; Icones plantarum formosanarum nec non & contributiones ad floram formosanam. 4: 130-131, f. 69 (1914) = Lycopodium annotinum sensu Clarke; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 11. Bot. 1: 592 (1880) [p. p. = Lycopodium malacophyllum Hand.-Mazz.; Symbolae Sinicae 6: 1-2 (1929) Lycopodium venustulum Gaudich.; Voy. Uranie 1: 283, t. 22 (1826) Distribution: Western Samoa (Savaii), Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.), Society Isl. (Tahiti), Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti) Remarks: sect. Lycopodium = Lycopodium sirii Herter; Estudios Botánicos en la Región Uruguaya 20: 41 (1949), Alt. title: Index Lycopodiarum 41 (1949) = Lycopodium jovis Hedw.; Index Lyc. 24 (1949) = Lycopodium heterophyllum Grev. & Hook.; Icon. filic. 1: t. 113. 1831 [1829] [non Sprengel 1827 var. verticale W. H. Wagner Distribution [complete]: Hawaii (Maui, Hawaii Isl.) Lycopodium vestitum Desv. ex Poir.; Encyclopedie Methodique. Botanique. Supplement 3: 546 (1814) Distribution [complete]: Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Colombia = Lycopodium albidum Baker; J. Bot. 25: 374 (1887) = Lycopodium scariosum Hook. (1836) [non Forst. Lycopodium volubile Forst. f.; Prodr (1786) Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl.), Kermadec Isl., Chatham Isl., New Caledonia, Society Isl. (Tahiti), peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl.), Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), Moluccas, New Guinea, Sulawesi, ?Lesser Sunda Isl., ?Java, *Ecuador, NE-Queensland Remarks: Sect. Pseudodiphasium = Lepidotis volubilis (G. Forster) Rothm.; Feddes Repert. 54: 67 (1944) = Lycopodium d'urvillei A. Rich.; Essai Fl. N. Z., 60 [non Bory (1832) = Pseudodiphasium volubile (G. Forst.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 442 (1983) Lycopodium wightianum Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.; Enum. Fil. 85. 1824 Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka, Malesia, Taiwan, Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.), Papua New Guinea Remarks: sect. Complanata = Diphasiastrum novoguineense (Nessel) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Diphasiastrum wightianum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium wightianum (Grev. & Hook.) Pichi-Serm.; Webbia 24: 720 (1970) = Lycopodium alpinum var. novoguineense Nessel; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regn. Veg. 39(8): 65, t. 191b (1935) = Lycopodium novoguineense (Nessel) Herter; Index Lyc. 30 (1949) = Lycopodium wightianum Grev. & Hook.; Enum. Filic. 85 (1833) = Lycopodium wightianum Wall.; Cat. no. 2184 (1829) = Stachygynandrum wightianum (Grev. & Hook.) C. Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 3: 583 (1845) Lycopodium x habereri House; New York State Mus. Bull. 176: 36 (1915) Distribution: E-USA, NE-USA, E-Canada, New York Remarks: sect. Complanata, Lycopodium digitatum x Lycopodium tristachyum = Diphasiastrum x habereri (House) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Lycopodium complanatum L. var. habereri (House) Boivin = Lycopodium tristachyum Pursh var. habereri (House) Victorin = Lycopodium tristachyum var. laurentianum Victorin Lycopodium x issleri (Rouy) Domin; Veda prir. 18: 204. 1937 (Dostál (1984b: 36)) Distribution: Austria, Belgium, England, former Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Hungary, former Yugoslavia, Poland, Cévennes, Ardennes, Italy, Russia, C-Siberia, Maine Trivial names: Isslers Flachbärlapp Remarks: sect. Complanata, Diphasiastrum alpinum (L.) Holub x Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub = Diphasiastrum hastulatum Sipl.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10. 348, fig. 1. 1973 = Diphasiastrum x issleri (Rouy) J. Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium complanatum (L.) Rothm. ssp. issleri (Rouy) Dostal = Diphasium issleri (Rouy) J. Holub; Preslia 32: 423 (1960) = Lycopodium alpinum L. ssp. issleri (Rouy) Chassagne = Lycopodium alpinum race issleri Rouy; Fl. France 14, 499 (1913) [basion. = Lycopodium alpinum var. decipiens Syme ex Druce = Lycopodium complanatum L. ssp. issleri (Rouy) Domin = Lycopodium complanatum var. pseudo-alpinum Farw. = Lycopodium x issleri (Rouy) Lawalree comb. superfl. Lycopodium x sabinifolium Willd.; Sp. pl. 5: 20 (1810) Distribution: E-Canada, C-Canada, NE-USA, to, PA, Michigan Trivial names: Savin-leaved Club-moss Remarks: Sect. Complanata, Lycopodium sitchense x tristachyum = Diphasiastrum sabinifolium (Willd.) Holub; Preslia 47(2): 108 (1975) = Diphasium sabinifolium (Willd.) D. Löve; Taxon 17: 89 (1968 ('sabinaefolium')) = Lycopodium armatum Desv. ex Poiret; Encycl. suppl. 3: 544. 1813 [1814] = Lycopodium complanatum var. sharonense (S.F. Blake) Farw.; Annual Report of the Michigan Academy of Science 18: 94 (1916) = Lycopodium sabinifolium var. patens Victorin = Lycopodium sabinifolium var. sharonense (S.F. Blake) S.F. Blake; Rhodora 20(231): 60 (1918) = Lycopodium sabinifolium var. superfertile Victorin = Lycopodium tristachyum var. sharonense S.F. Blake; Fern Bulletin 18: 9 (1910) Lycopodium x zeilleri (Rouy) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 10: 229 (1980) Distribution: Austria, former Czechoslovakia, Germany, France (and further?), North America - frequent in northern forests; Russia Trivial names: Zeillers Flachbärlapp Remarks: sect. Complanata, Diphasium complanatum (L.) Holub x Diphasium tristachyum (Pursh) Holub = Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub ssp. zeilleri (Rouy) Kukkonen = Diphasiastrum x zeilleri (Rouy) J. Holub; Preslia 47: 108 (1975) = Diphasium complanatum (L.) Rothm. ssp. zeilleri (Rouy) Pacyna = Diphasium zeilleri (Rouy) Damboldt; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 36: 26 (1963) = Lycopodium complanatum L. var. elongatum Victorin = Lycopodium complanatum race zeilleri Rouy; Fl. France 14: 491 (1913) [basion. = Lycopodium complanatum var. gartonis Boivin = Lycopodium tristachyum Pursh var. boreale Victorin Lycopodium yueshanense C.M. Kuo; Taiwania 30: 52-53 (1985) Distribution: Taiwan Remarks: sect. Complanata Lycopodium zonatum Ching; Acta Botanica Yunnanica 4(3): 218 (1982) Distribution [complete]: SE-Tibet Remarks: sect. Annotina = Lycopodium zonatum Ching; Flora Xizangica 1: 17 (1983) [nom. illeg., superfl.

This page is Copyright , 2001, 2002 Brian Swale, Michael Hassler. All rights reserved.
For more information, go to
Copyright page
For each species, information on its distribution by country and sometimes by province, region or state within a country; conservation status (where applicable), and all synonyms with publishing source (other latin names by which the species has been known) that we could find, and where applicable whether or not the given name has been verified; are available on the CDROM version of this page.

Back to start of fern pages.