Family Ophioglossaceae, genus Ophioglossum;
world species list.


By Michael Hassler and Brian Swale.      

A list of the species of the genus Ophioglossum, giving current name, authority, synonyms, published references, geographic distribution and (sometimes) illustrations.
Please note: an asterisk * in the distribution list means that the species is exotic to the country named.
005.00 Class Filicopsida
		Trivial names: Ferns, varens, fougeres, farnkraut, helechos.
		Statistics: 15 orders, 53 families, 310 genera, 9300-10700 species 
		[11501 species and 454 hybrids listed.
 Family Ophioglossaceae

007.0001 Ophioglossum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1062 (1753) Statistics: ca. 45 spp. worldwide [49 species listed] Revision date: 20.07.2001 = Cassiopteris Karsten; ms. = Cheiroglossa Presl; Suppl. Tent. Pterid. 56 (1846) = Ophioderma (BI.) Endlicher; Gen. Plant. 66 (1836) = Paraneura Prantl; Ber. deut. bot. Ges. 1. 350 (1833) = Ptiloneura Prantl; Ber. deutsch. bot. Ges. 1: 351 (1883) = Rhizoglossum Presl; Suppl. Tent. Pterid. 48 (1845) Ophioglossum azoricum C. Presl; Suppl. Tent. Pterid.: 49 (1845) Ophioglossum bergianum Schlecht.; Adumbr. 10 (1825) Ophioglossum bucharicum (O. & B. Fedtsch.) O. & B. Fedtsch.; Not. syst. Herb. Hort. Bot. Petrop. 4. 8 (1923) Ophioglossum californicum Prantl; Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 1: 355 (1883) Trivial names: California adder's tongue Ophioglossum caroticaule J.E.Burrows; Bothalia 23(2): 186 (1993) Ophioglossum convexum J. E. Burrows; Bothalia 19(2): 167 (1989) Ophioglossum costatum R. Br.; Prod. Fl. N. Holl. 163 (1810) Trivial names: Large adder's-tongue Ophioglossum crotalophoroides Walter; Fl. Carol. 2 (1788) ssp. crotalophoroides Walter; Fl. Carol. 2 (1788) Trivial names: Bulbous Adder's-tongue var. nanum Osten ex de Lichtenstein ssp. robustum R. T. Clausen Ophioglossum decipiens Poir.; Ann. sc. nat. VII. 18. 146 (1893) Ophioglossum dietrichiae Prantl; Ber. deut. bot. Ges. 1. 352 (1883) Ophioglossum dudadae Mickel; Brittonia 44(3): 313 (1992) Ophioglossum engelmannii Prantl; Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 1: 351 (1883) Trivial names: Limestone Adder's-tongue Ophioglossum fernandezianum C. Chr.; Skottsberg, Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez 2. 44 f. 7 (1920) Ophioglossum gomezianum Welw. ex A.Br. apud Kuhn; Fil. Afr. 176 (1868) var. latifolium Prantl; Eichl., Jahrb. K. Bot. Gart. Berl. 3: 316 (1884) Ophioglossum gracile J.E.Burrows ex Pocock; Bothalia 25(1): 61 (1995) Ophioglossum gramineum Willd.; Nov. Act. Acad. Erf. 2: 18 t. 1. f. 1 (1802) var. majus (Alderw.) Wieff.; Blumea 12 (2) 324. f. 2 bs t. 3 (1964) Ophioglossum harrisii Underw.; N. Am. Fl. 16. 11 (1909) Ophioglossum intermedium Hook.; Ic. pl. t. 995 (1854) Ophioglossum kawamurae Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 134. f.1 (1939) Ophioglossum lancifolium Presl; Suppl. 50 (1845) Ophioglossum latifolium (Prantl) J.E.Burrows; Bothalia 23(2): 188 (1993) [without exact basionym page Ophioglossum litorale Makino; Journal of Japanese Botany 6(10): 27 (1929) Ophioglossum loureirianum Presl; Suppl. 55 (1845) Ophioglossum lusitanicum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1063 (1753) ssp. lusitanicum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1063 (1753) Distribution: Caucasus/Transcaucasus, England, Madeira, ?Porto Santo, Capverdes, ssp. coriaceum (A. Cunn.) R.T. Clausen; Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 19(2): 161 (1938) Ophioglossum moultoni Copel.; Journ. Straits Br. R. As. Soc. no. 63. 72 (1912) Ophioglossum namegatae Nish. & Kurita; J. Jap. Bot. 44: 253, f. 1-3 (1969) Ophioglossum nudicaule L. f.; Suppl. Pl. 4 (1781) Trivial names: Slender Adder's-tongue var. tenerum (Nett. ex Prantl) Clausen; Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 19(2): 146 (1938) var. grandifolium R.T. Clausen; Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 19(2): 151 (1938) var. laxum R.T. Clausen; Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 19(2): 151, f. 30 (1938) var. macrorrhizum (Kunze) Clausen; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 19 (2): 150 (1938) var. robustum Licht. (1944) Ophioglossum oblongum H.G. Zhou & H. Li; Guihaia 11(1): 40-41, f. 1 (1991) Ophioglossum obovatum Miq.; Ann. Lugd. Bat. 4: 93 (1868) Ophioglossum opacum R. Br.; Carm., Tr. Linn. Soc. 12: 509 (1818) Ophioglossum ovatum Bory; Voy. 2. 205 (1804) Ophioglossum parvifolium Grev. & Hook.; Bot. Misc. 3: 218 (1833) Ophioglossum parvum M.Nishida & Kurita; J. Jap. Bot. 55(4): 112 (1980) Ophioglossum pendulum L.; Sp. ed. II. 2. 1518 (1763) ssp. pendulum L.; Sp. ed. II. 2. 1518 (1763) ssp. falcatum (C. Presl) R.T. Clausen; Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 19(2): 117 (1938) Ophioglossum polyphyllum A. Br. apud Seubert; Fl. Azor. 17 (1844) Ophioglossum pusillum Raf.; Précis Découv. Somiol. 46 (1814) Trivial names: Northern Adder's-tongue Ophioglossum raciborskii Alderw.; Bull. Buit. II. no. 28. 35 (1918) Ophioglossum ramosii Copel.; Philip. Journ. Sc. 66: 97. t.1(1-2) (1935) Ophioglossum reticulatum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1063 (1753) Trivial names: Stalked Adder's-tongue f. complicatum (Miq.) Wieff.; Blumea 12: 330. f. 1. a (1964) f. dilatatum (Miq.) Wieff.; Blumea 12: 329. f. 1. c (1964) Ophioglossum rubellum Welw. ex A.Br.; Kuhn, Fil. Afr. 179 (1868) Ophioglossum savatieri Nakai; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 40. 374 (1926) Ophioglossum scariosum Clausen; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 19(2): 153. f.33 (1938) Ophioglossum schmidii Kze.; Linn. 24. 246 (1861) Ophioglossum simplex Ridley; Bower, Nature 64. 617 (1901) Ophioglossum thermale Komarov; Fedde Repert. 18. 85 (1914) var. nipponicum (Miyabe & Kudo) Nishida; Tagawa, Journ. Jap. Bot. 33: 202 (1958) Ophioglossum thomasii Clausen; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 19(2): 152 (1938) Ophioglossum timorense Miq.; Ann. Lugd. Bat. 4. 93 (1868) Ophioglossum usterianum Christ apud Usteri; Fl. Sao Paulo 137 (1911) Ophioglossum vulgatum L.; Sp. Pl.: 1062 (1753) ssp. vulgatum L.; Sp. 2. 1062 (1753) Trivial names: Gemeine Natternzunge var. pycnostichum Fernald; Rhodora 41(490): 494-495, pl. 570 (1939) Trivial names: Southeastern Adders-tongue f. lanceolatum (Clute) S.F. Blake; Rhodora 15(173): 87 (1913) var. minus Moore; The Ferns of Great Britain and Ireland under t. 51B (1856) ssp. africanum J.E.Burrows ex Pocock; Bothalia 23(2): 189 (1993) ssp. kilimandscharicum (Hieron.) J.E.Burrows; Bothalia 25(1): 62 (1995)
This page is Copyright , 2001, 2002 Brian Swale, Michael Hassler. All rights reserved.
For more information, go to
Copyright page
For each species, information on its distribution by country and sometimes by province, region or state within a country; conservation status (where applicable), and all synonyms with publishing source (other latin names by which the species has been known) that we could find, and where applicable whether or not the given name has been verified; are available on the CDROM version of this page.

Back to start of fern pages.