Family Polypodiaceae, genus Pyrrosia;
world species list.


By Michael Hassler and Brian Swale.      

A list of the species of the genus Pyrrosia, giving current name, authority, synonyms, published references, geographic distribution and (sometimes) illustrations.
Please note: an asterisk * in the distribution list means that the species is exotic to the country named.

005.00 Class Filicopsida
		Trivial names: Ferns, varens, fougeres, helechos, farnkraut.
		Statistics: 15 orders, 53 families, 310 genera, 9300-10700 species 
		[11501 species and 454 hybrids listed.
050.000 Order Polypodiales
		Statistics: 9 families, 82 genera, 1996-2140 spp. 
		(2293 species and 31 hybrids listed]
		= Order Davalliales
058.0000 Family Polypodiaceae Bercht. & J.C. Presl; Prirozen. Rostlin. 1: 272 (1820) s. str.
		Statistics: 19 genera, 397-446 spp. 
		[450 species and 19 hybrids listed]
		Revision date: 20.07.2001
		Remarks: according to PCR results Polypodiaceae s. lat. is polyphyletic. 
		There are two choices: either include Grammitidaceae, Pleurosoriopsidaceae and 
		Loxogrammaceae in Polypodiaceae, or separate Drynariaceae as family, as done here.
		= Platyceriaceae Ching; Sunyatsenia 5 (1940)
		= Polypodiaceae subfam. Lepisorioideae Ching; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(3): 17 (1978) [nom. nov.
		= Polypodiaceae subfam. Pleopeltidoideae Nayar
		= Polypodiaceae tribus Aglaomorpheae Subh. Chandra; Brenesia 18: 175 (1980) 
		[without latin descr. or type, et in Fern Gaz. 12(4): 226 (1982), with latin descr. and type
		= Polypodiaceae tribus Colyseae V.G.Tu; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 29 (1981)
		= Polypodiaceae tribus Pleopelteae V.G.Tu; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 38 (1981)
058.2000 Subfamily Platycerioideae Nayar; Taxon 19: 223 (1970)
		Statistics: 2 genera, ca. 70-90 spp.
		Revision date: 20.07.2001
		= Platyceriaceae Ching; Sunyatsenia 5 (1940)

058.2003 Pyrrosia Mirbel; Hist. Nat. Gen. 4: 70 (1803) Statistics: 65-74 species tropical Old World (Africa to Pitcairn Island). [74 species and 1 hybrid listed]. Cyclophorus, Drymoglossum and Saxiglossum are frequently treated as separate genera. Revision date: 20.07.2001 = Apalophlebia Presl; Epim. Bot. 137 (1849-51) = Asteroglossum J. Sm. ms.; ex Moore, Ind. 179 (1860) = Candollea Mirbel; Hist. nat. Veg. 6. 86 (1803) = Cyclophorus Desv.; Berl. Mag. 5. 300 (1811) = Digramma Kunze; Bot. Zeit. 209 (1848) = Drymoglossum C. Presl; Tent. Pterid. 227 (1836) = Galeoglossa Presl; Epim. Bot. 132 (1849-51) = Gyrosorium Presl; Epim. Bot. 139 (1849-51) = Neoniphopsis Nakai; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 42. 217 (1928) = Niphobolus Kaulfuss; Enum. Fil. 124 (1824) [nom. superfl. = Niphopsis J. Smith; Cat. cult. Ferns 6 (1857) = Polycampium Presl; Epim. Bot. 135 (1849-51) = Polypodium subgen. Niphidium (Lellinger) Proctor; R.A. Howard, Fl. Lesser Antilles 2: 343 (1977) = Pteropsis Desvaux; Maxon, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 16. 51 (1912) = Saxiglossum Ching; Contr. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping 2. 1 (1933) = Scytopteris Presl; Epim. Bot. 133 (1849-51) = Solenopteris Wall.; Tidsskr. f. Naturvid. 1: 259 (1822) = Sphaerostichum Presl; Epim. Bot. 134 (1849-51) Pyrrosia abbreviata (Zoll.) Tag.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25: 180 (1973) Pyrrosia africana (Kunze) Ballard; Kew Bull. 1987: 349 (1937) Pyrrosia albicans (Blume) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1.: 72 (1935) Pyrrosia angustata (Swartz) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Pyrrosia angustissima (Giesenh. ex Diels) Tag. & Iwatsuki; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 26: 171 (1975) Pyrrosia assimilis (Bak.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 49 (1935) Pyrrosia asterosora (Baker) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Pyrrosia blepharolepis (C. Chr.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Pyrrosia bonii (Christ in Giesenh.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 67 (1935) Pyrrosia boothii (Hook.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 66 (1935) Pyrrosia calvata (Bak.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 62 (1935) Pyrrosia ceylanica (Giesenh.) Sledge; Bull. Brit. Mus (N. H.) 2: 134 (1960) Pyrrosia chinensis (Ching) comb. ined. Pyrrosia christii (Giesenh.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 58 (1935) Pyrrosia confluens (R. Br.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Trivial names: Robber fern var. dielsii (C. Chr.) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Trivial names: Silvery Felt fern Pyrrosia confusa (Ching & Hsu) comb. ined. Pyrrosia costata (Presl ex Bedd.) Tagawa & lwats.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 22: 100 (1967) Pyrrosia distichocarpa (Mett.) K. H. Shing; Amer. Fern J. 73(3): 78 (1983) Pyrrosia drakeana (Franch.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 65 (1935) Pyrrosia elaeagnifolia (Bory) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Trivial names: Leather-leaf fern Remarks: = P. serpens sensu H. Allan, Flora NZ (1961). Pyrrosia fallax (Alderw.) M. Price; Kalikasan 3: 177 (1974) Pyrrosia fengiana Ching; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 11: 73 (1941) Pyrrosia flocculosa (D. Don) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 66 (1935) Pyrrosia foveolata (Alston) C. Morton; Contrib. U.S. Nation. Herb. 38: 234 (1973) var. lauterbachii (Christ) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Pyrrosia fuohaiensis Ching & K.H. Shing (1997) Pyrrosia gardneri (Mett.) Sledge; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 2: 134 (1960) Pyrrosia gralla (Giesenh.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 50 (1935) Pyrrosia hastata (Thunb.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 48 (1935) Pyrrosia heterophylla (L.) M. Price; Kalikasan 3: 177 (1974) Pyrrosia kinabaluensis Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 207 (1984) Pyrrosia laevis (J. Sm.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 52 (1935) Pyrrosia lanceolata (L.) Farwell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 12: 245 (1931) Pyrrosia linearifolia (Hook.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 48 (1935) Pyrrosia linearis Ching & S. K. Wu; Fl. Xizangica 1: 340 (1983) Pyrrosia lingua Farwell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 245 (1931) Trivial names: Japanese felt fern, Tongue fern var. heteractis (Mett. ex Kuhn) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Pyrrosia longifolia (Burm. f.) C.V. Morton; Journ. Washington Acad. Sc. 36: 168 (1946) Pyrrosia macrocarpa (Willd.) Kaulf.; Enum. Fil. 245 (1824) Pyrrosia madagascariensis (C. Chr.) Schelpe; Journ. S.Afr. Bot. 18: 133 (1952) Pyrrosia mannii (Giesenh.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 55 (1933) Pyrrosia matsudai (Hayata) Tagawa; Journ. Jap. Bot. 24: 119 (1949) Pyrrosia medogensis Ching & S. K. Wu; Fl. Xizangica 1: 335 (1983) Pyrrosia niphoboloides (Baker) M. Price; Kalikasan 3: 177 (1974) Pyrrosia novo-guineae (Christ) M. Price; Kalikasan 3: 177 (1974) Pyrrosia nuda (Giesenh.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 70 (1935) Pyrrosia nummularifolia (Swartz) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 47 (1935) Trivial names: Creeping Button fern Pyrrosia oblanceolata (C. Chr.) Tardieu; Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam.5. 2: 103 (1960) Pyrrosia pannosa (Mett. ex Kuhn) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 58 (1935) Pyrrosia penangiana (Hook.) Holtt.; Rev. Fl. Mal. 2: 146. f.62 (1955) Pyrrosia petiolosa (Christ in Baroni & Christ) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 59 (1935) Pyrrosia piloselloides (L.) M. Price; Kalikasan 3: 176 (1974) Pyrrosia platyphylla Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 207 (1984) Pyrrosia polydactyla (Hance) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 48 (1935) Pyrrosia porosa (C.Presl) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) var. stenophylla (Bedd.) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) var. tonkinensis (Giesenh.) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Pyrrosia princeps (Mett.) C. Morton; Arner. Fern J. 60: 118 (1970) Pyrrosia pseudodrakeana K.H. Shing; Vasc. Pl. Hengduan Mount. 1: 170 (1993), et in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31(6): 571 (1993) [without latin descr. or type Pyrrosia rasamalae (Racib.) K. H. Shing; Amer. Fern J. 73(3): 78 (1983) Pyrrosia rhodesiana (C. Chr.) Schelpe; Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 18: 126 (1952) Pyrrosia rhomboidalis (Bonap.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 72 (1935) Pyrrosia rupestris (R. Br.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Trivial names: Felt fern Pyrrosia samarensis (Mett.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Pyrrosia schimperiana (Mett. ex Kuhn) Alston; Journ. of Bot. 72(Suppl.): 8 (1934) var. liebuschii (Hieron.) Hovenkamp; Blumea 30(1): 208 (1984) Pyrrosia scolopendrina Ching; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 11: 74 (1941) Pyrrosia serpens (G.Forst.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 49 (1935) Pyrrosia sheareri (Bak.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 64 (1935) Pyrrosia shennongensis K.H. Shing in K.H. Shing & K. Iwats. (1997) Pyrrosia similis Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 56 (1935) Pyrrosia sphaerosticha (Mett.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 62 (1935) Pyrrosia splendens (Presl) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 68 (1935) Pyrrosia stigmosa (Sw.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 67 (1935) Pyrrosia stolzii (Hieron.) Schelpe; Journ. S.Afr. Bot. 18: 133 (1952) Pyrrosia subfurfuracea (Hook.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 68 (1935) Pyrrosia subtruncata Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 67 (1935) Pyrrosia transmorrisonensis (Hayata) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1: 72 (1935) Pyrrosia tricholepis (Carruth.) Ching; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 301 (1965) Pyrrosia x nipponica M.Beppu & Seriz.; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon 30(1): 46 (1982) Remarks: Pyrrosia linearifolia x tricuspis
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For each species, information on its distribution by country and sometimes by province, region or state within a country; conservation status (where applicable), and all synonyms with publishing source (other latin names by which the species has been known) that we could find, and where applicable whether or not the given name has been verified; are available on the CDROM version of this page.

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