Family Trichomanaceae, genus Trichomanes;
world species list.


By Michael Hassler and Brian Swale.      

A list of the species of the genus Trichomanes, giving current name, authority, synonyms, published references, geographic distribution and (sometimes) illustrations.
Please note: an asterisk * in the distribution list means that the species is exotic to the country named.

005.00 Class Filicopsida
		Trivial names: Ferns, varens, fougeres, helechos, farnkraut.
		Statistics: 15 orders, 53 families, 310 genera, 9300-10700 species 
		[11501 species and 454 hybrids listed.
010.0000 Family Trichomanaceae Kunkel; Feddes Repert. 70: 155 (1965)
		Statistics: 5-11 genera, 255-293 spp. [306 species listed]
		Revision date: 20.07.2001

010.0006 Trichomanes L.; Sp. Pl.: 1097 (1753) s. str. Statistics: 160-185 spp., mostly neotropics, few Old World [194 species listed] Revision date: 20.07.2001 = Achomanes Necker; Element. bot. 8. 313 (1790) = Bergera Schaffner ex Fée; 9 mem. 30 (1857) = Craspedoneuron Van den Bosch; Hymenoph. Jav. 12 t. 10 (1861) = Didymoglossum Desvaux; Prodr. 330 (1827) = Feea Bory; Dict. Class d'Hist. Nat. 6: 446 (1824) = Habrodictyon Van den Bosch; Hym. Jav. 17 (1861) = Hemiphlebium Presl; Hym. 25 (1843) = Holophlebium Christ; Farnkr. 27 (1897) = Homoeotes Presl; Abhandl. Böhm. Gesell. V, 5: 331 (1848) = Hymenostachys Bory; Dict. Class d'Hist. Nat. 6: 588 (1824), 8: 462 (1825) = Lacostea van den Bosch; Versl. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 11: 320 (1861) = Lecanium Presl; Hymenophyllaceae 11 (1843) = Lecanolepis Pichi-Serm.; Webbia 28: 449 (1973) = Leptomanes Prantl; Hym. 52 (1875) = Leucomanes Presl; Epim. Bot. 258 (1849-51) = Maschalosorus van den Bosch; Versl. Akad. Wetens. Afd. Natuurk. 11: 320 (1861) = Microgonium C. Presl; Hymenophyllaceae 19 (1843) = Muelleria Schaffner ms. ex Fourn.; Mex. pl. 1. 59 (1872) = Neuromanes Trev.; Atti Istituto Veneto II. 2. 163 (1851) = Neuromanes v. d. Bosch.; Ned. Kruid. Arch. 4: 347 (1859) = Neurophyllum Presl; Hymenophyllaceae 18 (1843) [non Torr. & Gray = Odontomanes Presl; Epim. Bot. 20. 1849 (1851) = Pachychaetum Presl; Hym. 16 (1843) = Phlebiophyllum van den Bosch; Versl. Ak. Wet. Amsterdam 11. 321 (1861) [non Phlebophyllum Nees. = Polyphlebium Copeland; Philip. Journ. Sc. 67: 55 (1938) = Pteromanes Pichi-Serm.; Webbia 31(1): 244 (1977) = Ptilophyllum v. d. Bosch; Versl. Akad. Wetens. Afd. Natuurk. 11: 321 (1861) = Pyxidaria Gled.; Syst. pl. 291 (1764) = Ragatelus Presl; Hymenophyllaceae 14 (1843) = Trichomanes subgen. Vandenboschia (Copel.) Allan; Fl. New Zealand 34 (1961) = Trigonophyllum (Prantl) Pichi-Serm.; Webbia 31(1): 242(1977) = Vandenboschia Copeland; Phil. Jour. Sci. 67: 51 (1938) [frequently considered to be a valid genus Trichomanes abrotanifolium v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 4: 367 (1859) Trichomanes accedens C. Presl; 1849 [1851] Trichomanes aculeatum J. Sm.; Journ. Bot. 3: 417 (1841) [nomen, non Sw. (1788) Trichomanes africanum Christ; Journ. de Bot. 22. 21 (1909) Trichomanes alatum Sw.; Schrad. Journ. 1800(2): 97 (1801) Trichomanes amazonicum Christ; Hedwigia 44: 359 (1905) Trichomanes anadromum Rosenst.; Fedde Rep. 21. 344 (1925) Trichomanes anceps (C. B. Clarke) comb. ined. Trichomanes angustatum Carm.; Tr. Linn. Soc. 12: 513 (1818) Trichomanes angustifrons (Fée) W. Boer; Fl. Netherl. Antill. 1: 17 (1962) Trichomanes ankersii Parker; Hook. & Grev., Ic. Fil. t. 201 (1831) Trichomanes anomalum Maxon & Morton; Maguire & al. Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 75: 67 (1948) Trichomanes arbuscula Desv.; Prod. 326 (1827) Trichomanes asynkii Racib.; Nat. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 59: 238 (1900) Trichomanes aureovestitum Proctor; Bull. Inst. Jamaica Sc. Ser. 5: 67. t.3(3-4) (1953) Trichomanes ballardianum Alston; Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2. 30: 26 (1956) Trichomanes bancroftii Hook. & Grev.; Ic. Fil. t. 204 (1831) Trichomanes barklyanum Bak.; Journ. Linn. Soc. 9: 338, t. 8 (1866) Trichomanes benlii (Pichi-Serm.) Benl; Acta Bot. Barcinon. 40: 79 (1991) Trichomanes bicorne Hook.; Ic. pl. t. 982 (1854) Trichomanes bimarginatum (Bosch) Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 143 (1863) Trichomanes bissei C.Sánchez; Revista Jard. Bot. Nac. Univ. Habana 8(2): 10 (1987) Trichomanes bonapartei C. Chr.; Bonap., N. Pt. 12. 15, fig (1920) Trichomanes borbonicum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 158 (1861) var. melanotrichum (Schlecht.) comb. ined. Trichomanes boschianum Sturm; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 5(2): 160 (1861) Trivial names: Appalachian Bristle Fern Trichomanes botryoides Kaulf.; Enum. 263 (1824) Trichomanes brooksii Copel.; Phil. Journ. Sci. 12C. 45 (1917) Trichomanes bucinatum Mickel & Beitel; Pterid. Fl. Oaxaca (Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 46): 390 (1988) Trichomanes caespifrons C. Chr. in A.C.Smith; Bull. Bishop Mus. 141: 5. f. 1. 1118 (1936) Trichomanes caliginum D.B.Lellinger; Amer. Fern J. 84(1): 1 (1994) Trichomanes calyculatum (Copel.) C. Morton; Contrib. U.S. Nation. Herb. 38: 190 (1968) Trichomanes capillaceum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1099 (1753) var. cocos (Christ) L. D. Gómez; Brenesia 6: 37 (1975) Trichomanes chevalieri Christ; Bull. Soc. Fr. 66. mem. 8b. 106 (1908) Trichomanes colensoi Hook. f.; Hook., Ic. pl. t. 979 (1854) Trichomanes collariatum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 4: 368 (1859) Trichomanes corcovadense v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 162 (1859) Trichomanes craspedoneurum Copel.; Phil. Journ. Sci. Bot. 7. 53 (1912) Trichomanes crassipilis Weatherby; Contr. Gray Herb. no. 95. 39 t. 8 (1931) Trichomanes crinitum Sw.; Prod. 136 (1758) Trichomanes crispum L.; Sp. 2: 1097 (1753) Trichomanes cristatum Kaulf.; Enum. 265 (1824) Trichomanes cultratum Bak.; Journ. Bot. 293 (1879) Trichomanes curtii Rosenst.; Fedde Rep. 5 (1925) Trichomanes cuspidatum Willd.; Sp. 5: 499 (1810) var. densestriatum C. Chr. (1920) f. minus C. Chr. (1920) Trichomanes cyrtotheca Hillebr.; Fl. Haw. 636 (1888) Trichomanes dactylites Sod.; Cr. vasc. quit. 12 (1893) Trichomanes davallioides Gaud.; Freyc. Voy. Bot. 378 (1827) Trichomanes diaphanum H.B.K.; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 1: 25 (1825) Trichomanes dilatatum (v.d.Bosch) Kuhn; Fil. Afr. 33 (1868) [non G.Forst. Trichomanes diversifrons (Bory) Mett.; Sadeb., Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 108 (1899) Trichomanes draytonianum Brackenr.; Expl. Exp. 16: 252. t. 36 (1854) Trichomanes egleri P.G.Windisch; Bradea 4(2): 11 (1983) Trichomanes ekmanii W. Boer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 11: 319 (1962) Trichomanes englerianum Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 66. 37 (1920) Trichomanes erosum Willd.; Sp. 5: 501 (1810) var. aerugineum (V.D. Bosch) Bonap.; Not. Ptérid. 13: 165 (1929) Trichomanes exiguum (Bedd.) Bak.; Syn. Fil. 464 (1874) Trichomanes exsectum Kze.; Anal. 47, t. 29 (1837) Trichomanes fallax Christ; Ann. Mus. Congo V. 8. 24 (1909) Trichomanes falsinervulosum (Nishida) Fosberg in Fosberg and Sachet; Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 45: 2 (1980) Trichomanes filiculoides Christ; Schum., & Laut., Fl. deut. Südsee 108 (1901) Trichomanes fimbriatum Backh.; Cat. 12 (1861) ex T. Moore (1862) Trichomanes foersteri Rosenst.; Fedde Repert 18. 213 (1914) Trichomanes fontanum Lindm.; Ark. för Bot. 1: 44 (1903) Trichomanes foxworthyi (Copel.) C. Chr.; Ind. Suppl. III. 189 (1934) Trichomanes fulgens C. Chr.; Bonap. N. Pt. 12. 9 f. 1 (1920) Trichomanes galeottii Fourn.; Bull. Soc. Fr. 15: 144. 147 (1868) Trichomanes gardneri v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 149 (1861) Trichomanes giganteum Bory ex Willd.; Sp. 5: 514 (1810) Trichomanes godmanii Hook.; Bak., Journ. Linn. Soc. 9: 337, t. 8, f. 1 (1866) Trichomanes gourlianum Grev. ex J. Sm. (1854) Trichomanes gracile v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 157 (1861) Trichomanes guidoi P.G.Windisch; Bradea 4(2): 11 (1983) Trichomanes haughtii Morton; Amer. Fern Journ. 34: 19. f.1 (1944) Trichomanes henzaianum Parish; Hook., 2 Cent. t. 1 (1860) Trichomanes herzogii Rosenst.; Meded. Rijks Herb. Leiden nr. 19. 5 (1913) Trichomanes hildebrandtii Kuhn; v. Deck., Reis. 3(3). Bot. 70 (1879) Trichomanes holopterum Kunze; Farnkräuter 1: 185 (1845) Trivial names: Entire-winged Bristle Fern Trichomanes hookeri Presl; Hym. 16 (1843) Trichomanes hosei Bak.; Journ. Linn. Soc. 22: 223, t. 12 (1886) Trichomanes hostmannianum (Kl.) Kze.; Bot. Zeit. 352 (1847) Trichomanes humboldtii (Bosch) Lellinger; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 38: 35 (1984) Trichomanes hymenoides Hedw.; Fil. Gen. & Sp. t. 4, f. 3 (1799) Trichomanes hymenophylloides v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(3): 209 (1863) Trichomanes idoneum C. Morton; Contrib. U.S. Nation. Herb. 38: 272 (1973) [nom. nov. Trichomanes infundibulare Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 55 (1924) Trichomanes ingae C. Chr.; Skottsberg, Nat. Hist. Juan Fernandez 2. 3 t 2 (1920) Trichomanes inopinatum (Pichi-Serm.) J.E.Burrows; South. Afr. Ferns & Fern Allies: 93 (1990) f. majus (Taton) Kornas; Fragm. Florist. Geobot.39(1): 71 (1994) Trichomanes intricatum Farrar; Amer. Fern J. 82(2): 68 (1992) Trichomanes jenmanii D.B.Lellinger; Amer. Fern J. 81(1): 32 (1991) Trichomanes kalbreyeri Bak.; Journ. Bot. 203 (1881) Trichomanes kapplerianum Sturm; Fl. Bras. 1(2): 276 (1859) Trichomanes kirkii Hook.; Syn. 78 (1867) Trichomanes krausii Hook. & Grev.; Icon. Filic. 2: plate 149 (1830) Trivial names: Krauss' Bristle Fern Trichomanes laciniosum Alston; Lilloa 30: 109. t.3 (1960) Trichomanes lastophyllum Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 54 (1924) Trichomanes lehmannii Hier.; Engl. Jahrb. 34: 420 (1904) Trichomanes lenormandii v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5: 144 (1861) var. angustilobum C. Chr. (1920) var. subcuspidatum C. Chr. (1920) Trichomanes liberiense Copel.; Phil. Journ. Sci. 61. 160 t. 9 f. 3-6 (1933) Trichomanes lineolatum (v. d. Bosch) Hook.; Syn. 73 (1867) Trichomanes longilabiatum Bonap.; N. Pt. 16. 13 (1925) Trichomanes longisetum v. d. Bosch; Hym. Javae 28 t. 21 (vix Bory 1810) Trichomanes lorencei Tardieu; Adansonia 17(2): 147 (1977) Trichomanes lozanoi M.T.Murillo; Caldasia 16(79): 449 (1991 publ. 1992) Trichomanes lucens Sw.; Prod. 136 (1788) Trichomanes ludovicianum Rosenst.; Fedde Rep. 22. 6 (1925) Trichomanes macilentum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 146 (1861) Trichomanes maluense Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 66. 36 (1920) Trichomanes mannii Hook.; Syn. 75 (1867) Trichomanes martiusii Presl; Hym. 36 (1843) Trichomanes melanopus Bak.; Syn. 465 (1874) Trichomanes membranaceum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1097 (1753) Trichomanes mettenii C. Chr.; Ind. 644 (1906) Trichomanes micayense Hier.; Engl. Jahrb. 34: 422 (1904) Trichomanes micropubescens Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 107 (1982) Trichomanes mindorense Christ; Phil. Journ. Sci. Bot. 8. 270 (1908) Trichomanes mosenii Lindm.; Ark. f. Bot. 1: 46, f. 25d, e. 27 (1903) Trichomanes motleyi (v.d. Bosch) v.d. Bosch; Ned. Kr. Arch. 5 (2): 145 (1861) Trichomanes mougeotii v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 4: 378 (1859) Trichomanes neilgherense Bedd.; Ferns South. India t. 6 (1863) Trichomanes nummularium (v. d. Bosch) C. Chr.; Ind. 226 (1905), 645 (1906) Trichomanes orientale Hayata; Ic. Fl. Formosa 4. 138 f. 77 (1914) [non C. Chr. (1916) Trichomanes ornatulum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 146 (1861) Trichomanes osmundoides DC. ex Poir.; Enc. 8: 65 (1808) Trichomanes ovale (Fourn.) W. Boer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 11: 296 (1962) Trichomanes pachyphlebium C. Chr.; Bonap., N. Pt. 12. 16 t 6 (1920) Trichomanes padronii Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 74(1): 7 (1984) Trichomanes paniculatum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. bot. Buit. II nr. XVI. 38 (1914) Trichomanes papuanum Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 56. 32 (1920) Trichomanes pedicellatum Desv.; Berl. Mag. 5: 328 (1811) Trichomanes pellucens Kze.; Linn. 9: 104 (1834) Trichomanes perpusillum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. bot. Buit. II nr. XVI. 37 (1914) Trichomanes petersii A. Gray; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 15: 326 (1853) Trivial names: Dwarf Bristle Fern Trichomanes philippianum Sturm; Enum. pl. cr. vasc. chil. 38 (1858) Trichomanes piliferum Alderw.; Bull. Buit. III. 6. 225 (1922) Trichomanes pilosum Raddi; Opusc. sci. Bol. 3: 296 (1819) Trichomanes pinnatifidum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(3): 202 (1861) Trichomanes pinnatinervium Jenm.; Gard. Chr. n. s. 25: 787 (1886) Trichomanes pinnatum Hedw.; Fil. Gen. et Sp. t. 4, f. 1 (1799) Trichomanes plumosum Kze.; Linn. 9: 104 (1834) Trichomanes polypodioides L.; Sp. 2: 1098 (1753) Trichomanes polystromaticum Bierh.; Amer. Fern J. 64: 18 (1974) Trichomanes procerum Fée; 11 mém. 106 t. 28 f. 2 (1866) Trichomanes pseudoarbuscula Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 57 (1924) Trichomanes pseudocapillatum Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14: 64 (1924) Trichomanes pseudonymanii (Hosok.) C. Morton; Contrib. U.S. Nation. Herb. 38: 183 (1968) Trichomanes pseudoreptans (Rosenst.) Sehnem; Sellowia 7: 313. t.1(2) (1956) Trichomanes punctatum Poir.; Enc. 8. 64 (1808) ssp. punctatum Poir.; Enc. 8. 64 (1808) ssp. floridanum W. Boer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 11: 299 (1962) Trivial names: Florida Bristle Fern ssp. labiatum (Jenman) W. Boer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 11 (1962) ssp. sphenoides (Kunze) W. Boer; Acta Bot. Neerl. 11: 301 (1962) Trichomanes pusillum Sw.; Prod. 136 (1788) Trichomanes pygmaeum C. Chr.; Bonap., N. Pt. 12. 10, fig (1920) Trichomanes pyxidiferum L.; Sp. 2. 1098 (1753) var. limbatum (Bosch) comb. ined. var. marchionicum E. Br. (1931) Trichomanes radicans Sw.; Schrad. Journ. 1800(2). 97 (1801) var. antillarum (Bosch) Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 108 (1982) var. naseanum (H. Christ) Lellinger (1968) Trichomanes ramitrichum Faden; Amer. Fern J. 67(1): 5 (1977) Trichomanes reptans Sw.; Prod. 136 (1788) Trichomanes retusum (Copel.) C. Morton; Contrib. U.S. Nation. Herb. 38: 186 (1968) Trichomanes rhipidophyllum Slosson; Bull. Torr. Cl. 40. 687 c. fig., t. 26 f. 1-3 (1913) Trichomanes robustum Fourn.; Bull. Soc. Fr. 16. 147 (1868) Trichomanes roemerianum Rosenst.; Nova Guinea 8. 717 (1912) Trichomanes roraimense Jenm.; Gard. Chr. III. 20. 116 (1896) Trichomanes rotundifolium Bonap.; N. Pt. 9. 23 (1920) Trichomanes rupestre (Raddi) v.d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 4. 370 (1859) Trichomanes scandens L.; Sp. 2. 1098 (1753) Trichomanes schultzei Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 49. 8 (1912) Trichomanes seIlowianum Presl; Hym. 15: 37 (1843) Trichomanes serratifolium Rosenst.; Hedwigia 46. 77 (1906) Trichomanes sinuatum Bonap.; N. Pt. 9. 25 (1920) Trichomanes somai Nakai; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 40. 267 (1926) Trichomanes speciosum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 5(I): 514 (1810) Trichomanes spruceanum Hk.; lc. pl. t 981 (1854) Trichomanes steyermarkii P.G.Windisch & A. R. Sm.; Amer. Fern J. 80(1): 18 (1990) Trichomanes subbifidum Matthew & Christ; Journ. Linn. Soc. 89. 214 (1909) Trichomanes subdeltoideum C. Chr.; lnd. 650 (1906) Trichomanes sublabiatum v.d.Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 61. 152 (1861) Trichomanes sublimbatum C. Muell.; Bot. Zeit. 12: 737 (1854) Trichomanes subtilissimum Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 56. 33 (1920) Trichomanes suffrutex Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 66 (1924) Trichomanes tahitense Nadeaud; Enum. pl. Tahiti 18 (1873) Trichomanes tamarisciforme Jacq.; Coll. 3: 285. t. 21, f. 2 (1789) Trichomanes tanaicum Hook.; Sturm, Fl. bras. 1(2): 260 (1859) Trichomanes tenuissimum v.d.Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 62. 156 (1861) Trichomanes tomaiiviense Brownlie; Nova Hedwigia Beih. 55 (Pterid. Fl. Fiji): 99 (1977) Trichomanes trichophorum Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 53 (1924) Trichomanes trigonum Desv.; Berl. Mag. 6. 328 (1811) Trichomanes trollii Bergdolt; Flora 127. 264, f. 3 (1933) Trichomanes tubiflora (F.S.Wagner) comb. ined. Trichomanes tuerckheimii Christ; Hedwigia 44. 361 (1905) Trichomanes ulei Christ; Schwacke, Pl. Nov. Mineiras 2. 16 (1900) Trichomanes varians Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14. 63 (1924) Trichomanes vaupesensis Lellinger; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 38: 39 (1984) Trichomanes virgatulum v. d. Bosch; Ned. kr. Arch. 5(2): 163 (1861) Trichomanes viridans Mett. ex Kuhn; Linn. 35: 389 (1868) Trichomanes vittaria DC.; Poir., Enc. 8: 65 (1808) Trichomanes wallii Thwait.; Ferguson, Sri Lanka Ferns preface (1880) Trichomanes warburgii Christ; Warb., Monsunia 1. 55 (1900) Trichomanes windischianum D.B.Lellinger; Amer. Fern J. 81(1): 34 (1991)
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For each species, information on its distribution by country and sometimes by province, region or state within a country; conservation status (where applicable), and all synonyms with publishing source (other latin names by which the species has been known) that we could find, and where applicable whether or not the given name has been verified; are available on the CDROM version of this page.

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